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Rock N Roll History Essay

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History of Rock and Roll Essay

History of Rock and Roll Essay

History of Rock and Roll


Rock and Roll started after the year 1955 with its roots being in Blues,
Gospel, and Jazz. This influenced vocal music, which was popular with the
African American population. Hep Harmony which added rhythm and harmony was
sung by groups such as The "Mills Brothers" and the "Ink Spots".

Small Swing Bands or Jump Bands featured saxophone soloists and repeated
phrases. These city style blues featured singers such as Joe Turner, Dina
Washington, T-Bone Walker, and composer-singer Percy Mayfield.

During this era, country blues traditions of the south became
influential in the North as well. Blacks moved from the South to the North and
Chicago became the center of blues recordings. This emphasized electric
guitars, harmonicas, and drummers who emphasized after beats (beats 2 and 4 of
the measure). Black gospel music was very popular and given the label of
rhythm and blues (R&B). This music was carried on radio and popular with the
disc jockeys.

In the mid 50's, Chuck Berry and Little Richard were popular and changed
the face of music, which was named rock and roll by the D.J.'s.

At age 21, in 1956, Elvis Presley was introduced to the public with his
rockabilly style of music. His first record, "Heartbreak Hotel" was recorded.
It was the first of a consecutive 14 records to sell over one million copies.

He inspired other country singers to sing rock and roll. This started a
trend for "cover" recordings. This was when white singers simplified versions
of Black recorded songs. White singers were played on more radio stations and
became very popular.

Young listeners became their largest audience. Young singers were hired
to record songs featuring adolescent issues. "Young Love", "16 Candles", and
"Teenage Crush". Such singers as Little Richard, Chuck Berry, and Jerry
Lee Lewis became famous and popular.

Love ballads also became more popular, with the musical audience looking
for sentimental and honest expression. This turned some of the more popular
music from rock to folk ballads. Joan Baez, Bob Dylan, and Peter, Paul, and
Mary were the more popular folk singers.

During this period, the Beatles became the most popular band of the
1960's. In the 1950's, the Beatles were also known as Johnny and the Moondogs
and then the Moonshiners. They first became known as the Silver Beatles. They
brought about the renewal of rock and roll, starting in Liverpool, England.
John Lennon (10/9/40-12/8/80), led the Beatles as the lead singer and
songwriter. Also writing the songs for the Beatles was Paul McCartney (6/18/42-
present). George Harrison (2/25/43-present) added to the sounds of the Beatles.
In 1962, Ringo Starr (7/7/40-present) became the drummer for the band. They
were now known as The Beatles, (the Fab Four).

Their first song "Love Me Do" was recorded in 1962, after Ringo joined
the band. In 1964, the Beatles 'invaded' the United States, by bringing their
music here and driving the crowds wild. The Beatles bridged the generation gap
and language barriers. They were trend setters, with their style of dress and
hair changing the face of the young people. They also influenced the use of
hallucinogenic drugs, Indian music, and Eastern mysticism.

The Beatles last concert was in San Francisco in 1966. The band broke
up in 1970. Lennon went on to record solo albums and with his wife, Yoko Ono.
McCartney went on to form Paul McCartney and Wings, with his wife, Linda.
Harrison and Starr also went on to do solo albums. Ringo also starred in some
films. Rumors of a reunion were believed until the murder of John Lennon in
1980.

Some of the groups influenced by the Beatles were The Who, Cream with
Eric Clapton, and Chicago Blues. They brought out sounds such as loud music,
guitar screeches, and on stage smashing of instruments. During this time, rock
operas and rock musicals became popular, such as Tommy, The Who and Hair.

Formed in 1962 the Rolling Stones started becoming popular. In 1964,
The Rolling Stones were first known as Muddy Waters. They had wild stage
antics and brutal lyrics. The group consisted of 5 members from London. Mick
Jagger led the group as the lead singer. Keith Richards on guitar, Brian Jones
(replaced in 1969 by Mick Taylor). Mick Taylor was replaced in 1976 by Ron
Wood (from Rod Stewart's band). Bassist Bill Wyman and drummer, Charlie Watts
made up the rest of the Stones. By the late 60's they called themselves the
world's greatest rock band.

The Stones were number one on both sides of the Atlantic, with their hit
"Satisfaction" in 1965. The Stones put out more than 35 albums. Many of their
lyrics covered taboo subjects ( for their time), such as sex and drugs. In the
1980's, thier image mellowed and they went on to other endeavors. In 1985,
Jagger recorded a solo album, "She's The Boss". Following this album, he did a
hit remake with David Bowie of "Dancing in the Streets". The Stones reunited
in 1989, for a 4 month, 40 city tour, which was seen by over 3 million people.
They rolled in over 70 million dollars from ticket and merchandise sales.

Motown became popular during the late 60's with the emergence of female
singers such as Diana Ross and the Supremes. Other Motown singers such as the
Temptations used dance and music together to enhance their popularity. Stevie
Wonder was also another Motown great. This started the trend of soul music.

During the 1960's hippies, drugs (LSD and Acid), and protests filled the
air of this time. Groups such as The Mamas and The Papas, Country Joe and the
Fish, Jefferson Airplane, and the Greatful Dead were influenced by these trends.


The Woodstock Festival that took place in August 1969, showed that by
this time that music was an important element in the life of America's youth.
This brought about a whole different look at the music industry.

This decade saw the division of rock into subdivisions beyond the
general categories of hard rock (extremely loud and electrically amplified) and
mellow rock (softer, and with acoustic instruments). Rock blended with reggae,
which emerged from Jamaica around 1972, and is a mix of rock, soul, calypso,
and other Latin rhythms.

Other styles emerging in the 70's were punk rock, bubble gum music, and
heavy metal rock which continued the hallucinogenic approach of acid rock, but
using loud volume, electronic distortion, and vulgar stage antics. Some bands
expressing these feelings were Kiss, Alice Cooper, Led Zeppelin.

Led Zeppelin, who is a British rock group was most popular during 1970s.
The members were: lead singer Robert Plant (born 1948), guitarist Jimmy Page
(born 1944), bassist and keyboardist John Paul Jones (born 1946), and drummer
John Bonham (1948-80). Led Zeppelin was founded in1968 by Jimmy Page. They
released their first album, Led Zeppelin, in 1968. Other popular albums
included Led Zeppelin II (1969), III (1970), and IV (1971), Houses of the Holy
(1971), The Song Remains the Same (1976), and In Through the Out Door (1976).
Their most famous song was `Stairway to Heaven' (1971). With the death of
Bonham in 1980, the band was at a great loss, and band members (Plant and Page)
went on to solo careers. The reunion of the remaining band members was in
1985, for a Live Aid benefit concert in Philadelphia. Another reunion took
place in 1988 for Atlantic Records' 40th anniversary celebration (John Bonham's
son, Jason, played the drums).

There were many other bands not mentioned in this report that influenced
music in the 60's, 70's, and the 80's. Some of these bands include Pink Floyd,
The Doors, Eagles, Genesis, CSNY (Crosby, Stills, Nash, and Young), The Monkees,
Jimi Hendrix, Janis Joplin, Chicago, Fleetwood Mac, Jackson Browne, Michael
Jackson, and many others.

Rock and Roll has been an important part of young peoples lives for
decades and decades to come. Music is a way of expression for some and a way
of relaxing for others.

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Rock And Roll Essay Research Paper History

Rock And Roll Essay Research Paper

History of Rock and Roll

Punk rock developed in the United States out of the raw and energetic music adored and played by garage bands of the mid-sixties. Many of these garage bands were started by kids in their teens who hardly knew how to play simple chords on a guitar or bang away at drums or cymbals in their own garages. The music was often played at a high volume as well.

The MC5 epitomized this. The MC5 (Motor City Five) was a high school punk band from Lincoln Park Michigan. They played with a very loud and angry style. Their lyrics which were refused airplay were obscene and profane. The right combination of heavy distortion and two guitars enabled them to combine the power of heavy metal with the raw garage band sound.

Many punk songs were reactions to the glitter and glam rock bands of the seventies. The fact that groups were spending months weeks or hours in a studio writing 15- minute songs and playing elaborate shows with spectacular stage performances in front of thousands of people in large arenas really angered punk bands. Punk songs were generally simple and rather short. The lyrics told the way the

members of the band felt. They played small shows and did not put on any elaborate performances.

The Sex Pistols were the epitome of a punk band. They were discovered in an antifashion clothing store in London called Sex by Malcolm McLaren the store s owner. Johnny Rotten the band s lead singer was found while singing along to the jukebox. Sid Vicious bassist never learned to play bass. Their sound was exactly what McLaren was looking for. They set the tone for punk music. They sang about living in the slums of London for their whole lives. Their guitar bass and drums were distorted and the vocals were shouted. Although most of their songs were banned from British television and radio they were still climbing the charts.

They thought it might be time to come to America. However instead of playing the usual punk scenes such as CBGB s and Maxwell s they played bars in suburbs and other trashy places far from main cities. The band broke up in 1978.

Many bands tried to follow the Sex Pistols example. The Clash began opening and touring with the Pistols and became a big hit. They also played simple songs

with lyrics about the situation they were coming from. They incorporated SKA into their music which made them unique. Their songs were short and to the point and the people loved it.

The development of punk is indeed a reaction to the glam rock of the seventies but it is also a reaction to the years before it. For example the sixties were a time of worry free free love. Peace was a commonly used phrase. Musicians of this time would sing about this very often. The punk era reacted to this by saying Your all wrong. For them life was not all love and happiness. They had tough times and sang about it.

Punk rock paved the way for other bands that played music to a post-baby boom generation. Many bands influenced by punk rock emerged during the eighties. Bands such as The Cure and Elvis Costello used lyrics to tell what was on their minds. However their songs are more complex and not as loud or distorted.

Punk and post punk music set the stage for alternative. What punk did was popularize unpopular music. These bands played music that was different and new and made it a part of a mainstream. The alternative artists are

playing a new style of music that is literally the alternative but it is accepted as part of the norm.

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Rock And Roll Essay, Research Paper History

Rock And Roll Essay, Research Paper

History of Rock and Roll

Punk rock developed in the United States out of the raw and energetic music adored and played by garage bands of the mid-sixties. Many of these garage bands were started by kids in their teens who hardly knew how to play simple chords on a guitar or bang away at drums or cymbals in their own garages. The music was often played at a high volume as well.

The MC5 epitomized this. The MC5 (Motor City Five) was a high school punk band from Lincoln Park, Michigan. They played with a very loud and angry style. Their lyrics, which were refused airplay, were obscene and profane. The right combination of heavy distortion and two guitars enabled them to combine the power of heavy metal with the raw garage band sound.

Many punk songs were reactions to the glitter and glam rock bands of the seventies. The fact that groups were spending months, weeks, or hours in a studio, writing 15- minute songs, and playing elaborate shows with spectacular stage performances in front of thousands of people in large arenas really angered punk bands. Punk songs were generally simple and rather short. The lyrics told the way the

members of the band felt. They played small shows and did not put on any elaborate performances.

The Sex Pistols were the epitome of a punk band. They were discovered in an antifashion clothing store in London called Sex by Malcolm McLaren, the store s owner. Johnny Rotten, the band s lead singer, was found while singing along to the jukebox. Sid Vicious, bassist, never learned to play bass. Their sound was exactly what McLaren was looking for. They set the tone for punk music. They sang about living in the slums of London for their whole lives. Their guitar, bass and drums were distorted and the vocals were shouted. Although most of their songs were banned from British television and radio, they were still climbing the charts.

They thought it might be time to come to America. However, instead of playing the usual punk scenes, such as CBGB s and Maxwell s, they played bars in suburbs and other trashy places far from main cities. The band broke up in 1978.

Many bands tried to follow the Sex Pistols example. The Clash began opening and touring with the Pistols and became a big hit. They also played simple songs

with lyrics about the situation they were coming from. They incorporated SKA into their music, which made them unique. Their songs were short and to the point and the people loved it.

The development of punk is indeed a reaction to the glam rock of the seventies, but it is also a reaction to the years before it. For example, the sixties were a time of worry free, free love. Peace was a commonly used phrase. Musicians of this time would sing about this very often. The punk era reacted to this by saying Your all wrong. For them, life was not all love and happiness. They had tough times and sang about it.

Punk rock paved the way for other bands that played music to a post-baby boom generation. Many bands influenced by punk rock emerged during the eighties. Bands such as The Cure and Elvis Costello used lyrics to tell what was on their minds. However, their songs are more complex and not as loud or distorted.

Punk and post punk music set the stage for alternative. What punk did was popularize unpopular music. These bands played music that was different and new, and made it a part of a mainstream. The alternative artists are

playing a new style of music that is literally the alternative, but it is accepted as part of the norm.

Although the Sex Pistols were one of the most popular and influential bands of the punk era, they were definitely one of the least talented. However, the Ramones, who were very influential, they were also one of the most talented. There were many talented bands on the punk scene. This includes X, the Voidoids, the Dead Kennedys, the Clash, and The Damned, to name just a few. They set the stage for newer punk bands such as Operation Ivy, Rancid, and Blink 182, which all have the same style of music as the earlier punk bands.

History Of Rock And Roll Essay Research

Rock and Roll started after the year 1955 with its roots being in Blues, Gospel,

and Jazz. This influenced vocal music, which was popular with the African American

population. Hep Harmony which added rhythm and harmony was sung by groups such as

The “Mills Brothers” and the “Ink Spots”.

Small Swing Bands or Jump Bands featured saxophone soloists and repeated

phrases. These city style blues featured singers such as Joe Turner, Dina Washington, T-

Bone Walker, and composer-singer Percy Mayfield.

During this era, country blues traditions of the south became influential in the

North as well. Blacks moved from the South to the North and Chicago became the center

of blues recordings. This emphasized electric guitars, harmonicas, and drummers who

emphasized after beats (beats 2 and 4 of the measure). Black gospel music was very

popular and given the label of rhythm and blues (R&B). This music was carried on radio

and popular with the disc jockeys.

In the mid 50’s, Chuck Berry and Little Richard were popular and changed the

face of music, which was named rock and roll by the D.J.’s.

At age 21, in 1956, Elvis Presley was introduced to the public with his rockabilly

style of music. His first record, “Heartbreak Hotel” was recorded. It was the first of a

consecutive 14 records to sell over one million copies.

He inspired other country singers to sing rock and roll. This started a trend for

“cover” recordings. This was when white singers simplified versions of Black recorded

songs. White singers were played on more radio stations and became very popular.

Young listeners became their largest audience. Young singers were hired to record

songs featuring adolescent issues. “Young Love”, “16 Candles”, and “Teenage

Crush”. Such singers as Little Richard, Chuck Berry, and Jerry Lee Lewis became

famous and popular.

Love ballads also became more popular, with the musical audience looking for

sentimental and honest expression. This turned some of the more popular music from

rock to folk ballads. Joan Baez, Bob Dylan, and Peter, Paul, and Mary were the more

popular folk singers.

During this period, the Beatles became the most popular band of the 1960’s.

In the 1950’s, the Beatles were also known as Johnny and the Moondogs and then the

Moonshiners. They first became known as the Silver Beatles. They brought about the

renewal of rock and roll, starting in Liverpool, England. John Lennon (10/9/40-12/8/80),

led the Beatles as the lead singer and songwriter. Also writing the songs for the Beatles

was Paul McCartney (6/18/42-present). George Harrison (2/25/43-present) added to the

sounds of the Beatles. In 1962, Ringo Starr (7/7/40-present) became the drummer for the

band. They were now known as The Beatles, (the Fab Four).

Their first song “Love Me Do” was recorded in 1962, after Ringo joined the band.

In 1964, the Beatles ‘invaded’ the United States, by bringing their music here and driving

the crowds wild. The Beatles bridged the generation gap and language barriers. They

were trend setters, with their style of dress and hair changing the face of the young

people. They also influenced the use of hallucinogenic drugs, Indian music, and Eastern

The Beatles last concert was in San Francisco in 1966. The band broke up in

1970. Lennon went on to record solo albums and with his wife, Yoko Ono. McCartney

went on to form Paul McCartney and Wings, with his wife, Linda. Harrison and Starr

also went on to do solo albums. Ringo also starred in some films. Rumors of a reunion

were believed until the murder of John Lennon in 1980.

Some of the groups influenced by the Beatles were The Who, Cream with Eric

Clapton, and Chicago Blues. They brought out sounds such as loud music, guitar

screeches, and on stage smashing of instruments. During this time, rock operas and rock

musicals became popular, such as Tommy, The Who and Hair.

Formed in 1962 the Rolling Stones started becoming popular. In 1964, The

Rolling Stones were first known as Muddy Waters. They had wild stage antics and brutal

lyrics. The group consisted of 5 members from London. Mick Jagger led the group as

the lead singer. Keith Richards on guitar, Brian Jones (replaced in 1969 by Mick Taylor).

Mick Taylor was replaced in 1976 by Ron Wood (from Rod Stewart’s band). Bassist Bill

Wyman and drummer, Charlie Watts made up the rest of the Stones. By the late 60’s they

called themselves the world’s greatest rock band.

The Stones were number one on both sides of the Atlantic, with their hit

“Satisfaction” in 1965. The Stones put out more than 35 albums. Many of their lyrics

covered taboo subjects ( for their time), such as sex and drugs. In the 1980’s, thier image

mellowed and they went on to other endeavors. In 1985, Jagger recorded a solo album,

“She’s The Boss”. Following this album, he did a hit remake with David Bowie of

“Dancing in the Streets”. The Stones reunited in 1989, for a 4 month, 40 city tour, which

was seen by over 3 million people. They rolled in over 70 million dollars from ticket and

Motown became popular during the late 60’s with the emergence of female singers

such as Diana Ross and the Supremes. Other Motown singers such as the Temptations

used dance and music together to enhance their popularity. Stevie Wonder was also

another Motown great. This started the trend of soul music.

During the 1960’s hippies, drugs (LSD and Acid), and protests filled the air of this

time. Groups such as The Mamas and The Papas, Country Joe and the Fish, Jefferson

Airplane, and the Greatful Dead were influenced by these trends.

The Woodstock Festival that took place in August 1969, showed that by this time

that music was an important element in the life of America’s youth. This brought about a

whole different look at the music industry.

This decade saw the division of rock into subdivisions beyond the general

categories of hard rock (extremely loud and electrically amplified) and mellow rock

(softer, and with acoustic instruments). Rock blended with reggae, which emerged from

Jamaica around 1972, and is a mix of rock, soul, calypso, and other Latin rhythms.

Other styles emerging in the 70’s were punk rock, bubble gum music, and heavy

metal rock which continued the hallucinogenic approach of acid rock, but using loud

volume, electronic distortion, and vulgar stage antics. Some bands expressing these

feelings were Kiss, Alice Cooper, Led Zeppelin.

Led Zeppelin, who is a British rock group was most popular during 1970s.

The members were: lead singer Robert Plant (born 1948), guitarist Jimmy Page (born

1944), bassist and keyboardist John Paul Jones (born 1946), and drummer John Bonham

(1948-80). Led Zeppelin was founded in1968 by Jimmy Page. They released their first

album, Led Zeppelin, in 1968. Other popular albums included Led Zeppelin II (1969), III

(1970), and IV (1971), Houses of the Holy (1971), The Song Remains the Same (1976),

and In Through the Out Door (1976). Their most famous song was `Stairway to Heaven’

(1971). With the death of Bonham in 1980, the band was at a great loss, and band

members (Plant and Page) went on to solo careers. The reunion of the remaining band

members was in 1985, for a Live Aid benefit concert in Philadelphia. Another reunion

took place in 1988 for Atlantic Records’ 40th anniversary celebration (John Bonham’s son,

Jason, played the drums).

There were many other bands not mentioned in this report that influenced music in

the 60’s, 70’s, and the 80’s. Some of these bands include Pink Floyd, The Doors, Eagles,

Genesis, CSNY (Crosby, Stills, Nash, and Young), The Monkees, Jimi Hendrix, Janis

Joplin, Chicago, Fleetwood Mac, Jackson Browne, Michael Jackson, and many others.

Rock and Roll has been an important part of young peoples lives for decades and

decades to come. Music is a way of expression for some and a way of relaxing for

Rock n Roll Zone - History - Eighties Onward

History Essay:
Rock 'n' Roll in the Eighties Onward

In the eighties and nineties, the popularity of FM radio along with new media such as CD and video brought rock music to a greater commercial ebb than ever. Artists such as Paul McCartney, Pink Floyd, Bruce Springsteen, U2 and The Rolling Stones had all played 50,000 seat venues on corporately charged mega tours. Perhaps as sort of an antidote to all this, in the mid eighties a so called "alternative" camp started to form. This community sought out and supported music from little known, mostly independent artists that had likely never played anything larger than a small club. There was an irony that came with membership in this category though. When a successful alternative group finally reached that critical mass of high popularity, were they really "alternative" any more? Case in point, R.E.M. was one of the darling alternative bands of the mid eighties. A decade later, virtually a household name, they signed a multi-Million Dollar contract with a major recording label.

As the nineties rolled on a generation gap started to show. Younger rock fans were drawn towards "grunge" oriented groups like Pearl Jam and the Stone Temple pilots, while their elder cohorts (parents?) still enjoyed the likes of the Rolling Stones, Beatles and Led Zeppelin. A lot of this was short-lived however, as the aforementioned mammoth concert tours by the 'Stones and U2 had a tendancy to attract fans of all ages. In 1995, a major U.S. network television documentary brought the Beatles story - and record sales, to a whole new generation.

Essay references:
The Columbia Encyclopedia, Fifth ed.; The Penguin Encyclopedia of Popular Music (1989)

Реферат: Rock And Roll Essay Research Paper History

Rock And Roll Essay Research Paper History

Rock And Roll Essay, Research Paper

History of Rock and Roll

Punk rock developed in the United States out of the raw and energetic music adored and played by garage bands of the mid-sixties. Many of these garage bands were started by kids in their teens who hardly knew how to play simple chords on a guitar or bang away at drums or cymbals in their own garages. The music was often played at a high volume as well.

The MC5 epitomized this. The MC5 (Motor City Five) was a high school punk band from Lincoln Park, Michigan. They played with a very loud and angry style. Their lyrics, which were refused airplay, were obscene and profane. The right combination of heavy distortion and two guitars enabled them to combine the power of heavy metal with the raw garage band sound.

Many punk songs were reactions to the glitter and glam rock bands of the seventies. The fact that groups were spending months, weeks, or hours in a studio, writing 15- minute songs, and playing elaborate shows with spectacular stage performances in front of thousands of people in large arenas really angered punk bands. Punk songs were generally simple and rather short. The lyrics told the way the

members of the band felt. They played small shows and did not put on any elaborate performances.

The Sex Pistols were the epitome of a punk band. They were discovered in an antifashion clothing store in London called Sex by Malcolm McLaren, the store s owner. Johnny Rotten, the band s lead singer, was found while singing along to the jukebox. Sid Vicious, bassist, never learned to play bass. Their sound was exactly what McLaren was looking for. They set the tone for punk music. They sang about living in the slums of London for their whole lives. Their guitar, bass and drums were distorted and the vocals were shouted. Although most of their songs were banned from British television and radio, they were still climbing the charts.

They thought it might be time to come to America. However, instead of playing the usual punk scenes, such as CBGB s and Maxwell s, they played bars in suburbs and other trashy places far from main cities. The band broke up in 1978.

Many bands tried to follow the Sex Pistols example. The Clash began opening and touring with the Pistols and became a big hit. They also played simple songs

with lyrics about the situation they were coming from. They incorporated SKA into their music, which made them unique. Their songs were short and to the point and the people loved it.

The development of punk is indeed a reaction to the glam rock of the seventies, but it is also a reaction to the years before it. For example, the sixties were a time of worry free, free love. Peace was a commonly used phrase. Musicians of this time would sing about this very often. The punk era reacted to this by saying Your all wrong. For them, life was not all love and happiness. They had tough times and sang about it.

Punk rock paved the way for other bands that played music to a post-baby boom generation. Many bands influenced by punk rock emerged during the eighties. Bands such as The Cure and Elvis Costello used lyrics to tell what was on their minds. However, their songs are more complex and not as loud or distorted.

Punk and post punk music set the stage for alternative. What punk did was popularize unpopular music. These bands played music that was different and new, and made it a part of a mainstream. The alternative artists are

playing a new style of music that is literally the alternative, but it is accepted as part of the norm.

Although the Sex Pistols were one of the most popular and influential bands of the punk era, they were definitely one of the least talented. However, the Ramones, who were very influential, they were also one of the most talented. There were many talented bands on the punk scene. This includes X, the Voidoids, the Dead Kennedys, the Clash, and The Damned, to name just a few. They set the stage for newer punk bands such as Operation Ivy, Rancid, and Blink 182, which all have the same style of music as the earlier punk bands.