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Ludwig Van Beethoven Essay, Research Paper

For many people, Ludwig Van Beethoven is considered the greatest composer who ever lived and is the highest level of musical geniuses. His compositions are the expression of one of the most powerful musical personalities of all time which he exceeded above average in both areas of Classical and Romantic labeling. Beethoven was born in Bonn, Germany, December 16, 1770, and was baptized on December 17. His father, Johann, was a singer employed by the Elector of Cologne in Bonn. Johann married Maria Magdalena Laym, a cook’s daughter. Together they had seven children of which three sons survived, Beethoven was the oldest (Collier’s Encyclopedia, Beethoven). When Johanns’ career was threatened by alcoholism, he saw his chance to get rich by exploiting his son Beethoven as a child prodigy. He claimed Beethoven was years younger than he actually was, neglected his formal education, and made him practice his music endlessly. His attempt to get rich was a disaster and probably encouraged the brusque and withdrawing personality Beethoven developed. Beethoven was a solo pianist and piano teacher when he was in his twenties. He was well known for his temperamental nature. He had to abandon his performing career of deafness. By this time, he was well known as a composer and was able to live by the profits of concerts and sale of his works to publishers. He was the most revered composer in all of Europe and regarded as the greatest living example of Romantic, artistic genius (McLeish, pg. 18-19). Sonate Pathetique, Opus 13 was written in 1798 and named by the composer Ludwig Van Beethoven. This Sonate was extremely romantic because of the charged first movement, while the Adagio Movement is sad, yet comforting. The third movement of the “Pathetique” was considered Rondo. The key of the Adagio Movement is A Flat, the submediant Key of the opening Grave section. The form is a cross between Rondo and Theme and Variations because the A or Main Theme sections have the same melody, but the accompanying parts are varied. Although Beethoven still uses the tonic-dominant relationships to start and end his first section, mm. 1-16, even ending his first theme with a perfect authentic cadence the composer begins to use keys with third relationships. The main theme is in the key of A flat, however the second theme is in the relative minor key of F minor. MM 17-23 are very pivotal in nature and by mm. 23 Beethoven has modulated to the dominant key of E flat major. The remainder of the piece gives the feeling of A flat major, although section c, mm. 36-50. contain many modulations. The coda begins in mm 66-4 through the end and contains a series of V – I cadences. The Adagio of Sonate Pathetique has been compared having a similar melodic structure and affinity of theme to the Adagio of the Ninth Symphony written during the last period almost twenty-five years later. This Adagio movement is in the singing style and demands great emotion from the performer. Although this particular movement was written during Beethoven’s first period, the great emotion and contemplation, the peace and introspection that characterized his third period seem to be present (McLeish pg. 58-76). Beethoven had a powerful personality that awed everyone. His high-voltage personality coupled with his high-voltage genius, Beethoven was able to live his life on his own terms in everything except his deafness. He was only 5 feet, 4 inches, broad, with a large head, lots of hair, protruding-teeth, a small nose and a bad habit of spitting. He was clumsy, sullen and suspicious, touchy, forgetful, and prone to rages of temper. As a bachelor, he was incredibly messy and had no servants because they would not put up with him (Schonberg, pg. 110-111). In 1802 Beethoven was told his deafness was incurable. This knowledge caused a violent change in his character which brought about a big change in his music. The boisterousness of his youth turned into a mature artist pondering and placing each effect. Many of Beethoven’s most popular works date from this time. The ‘Emperor’ Piano Concerto, the Violin Concerto, the Third to Seventh Symphonies, the ‘Razumovsky’ were composed at this time (McLeish, pg. 19). In 1805 Beethoven premiered the Eroica Symphony which was a turning point in musical history. A succession of masterpieces came in the next eight years. Around 1811, Beethoven’s productivity slowed down. His deafness became total and he retired into his inner world. His health deteriorated and the relationship he had with his nephew, Karl, might have robbed the World of some masterpieces. He became the guardian of Karl when Beethoven’s brother Casper died. Beethoven was alternately strict and easy going and Karl was driven out of his mind. In 1826, Karl attempted suicide and told police Beethoven tormented him. Beethoven took it badly and friends say he aged twenty years in those weeks (McLeish, pg. 20). He died on March 27, 1827 after a long illness. It is reported 20,000 people attended the funeral. Beethoven’s music falls into three periods. His first twenty works hinted at the explosive power to come. After the Eroica, the second period sets in. He was confident, a master of form, and made his own rules. His music was governed by the logic of a great technician and musical genius. The last works period was the music of a man who has seen all and experienced all, a man in a silent, suffering world. He wrote only to justify his artistic existence, not to please anyone. Some find the works of this time bleak, cold and incomprehensible. Beethoven was a musical intellect who was driven by illness and mental suffering to retreat into his own world. His music is the most powerful body of music ever brought together by one composer (Schonberg, pgs. 115, 117, 119, 123).

1. “Beethoven, Ludwig Van” Collier’s Encyclopedia. 1991 ed. 2. McLeish, Kenneth & Valerie. Listeners’ Guide to Classical Music. Great Britain: Butler & Tanner Ltd. 1986. 3. Schonberg, C. Harold. The Lives of the Great Composers. New York: W.W. Norton & Co. 1981.

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Ludwig Van Beethoven

Ludwig Van Beethoven

For many people , Ludwig Van Beethoven is considered the greatest composer who ever lived and is the highest level of musical geniuses. His compositions are the expression of one of the most powerful musical personalities of all time which he exceeded above average in both areas of Classical and Romantic labeling. Beethoven was born in Bonn, Germany. December 16, 1770, and was baptized on December 17. His father. Johann, was a singer employed by the Elector of Cologne in Bonn. Johann married Maria Magdalena Laym, a cook’s daughter. Together they had seven children of which three sons survived, Beethoven was the oldest (Collier’s Encyclopedia, Beethoven). When Johanns’ career was threatened by alcoholism. he saw his chance to get rich by exploiting his son Beethoven as a child prodigy. He claimed Beethoven was years younger than he actually was, neglected his formal education. and made him practice his music endlessly. His attempt to get rich was a disaster and probably encouraged the brusque and withdrawing personality Beethoven developed. Beethoven was a solo pianist and piano teacher when he was in his twenties. He was well known for his temperamental nature. He had to abandon his performing career of deafness. By this time, he was well known as a composer and was able to live by the profits of concerts and sale of his works to publishers. He was the most revered composer in all of Europe and regarded as the greatest living example of Romantic, artistic genius (McLeish, pg. 18-19). Sonate Pathetique, Opus 13 was written in 1798 and named by the composer Ludwig Van Beethoven. This Sonate was extremely romantic because of the charged first movement, while the Adagio Movement is sad, yet comforting. The third movement of the “Pathetique” was considered Rondo. The key of the Adagio Movement is A Flat, the submediant Key of the opening Grave section. The form is a cross between Rondo and Theme and Variations because the A or Main Theme sections have the same melody, but the accompanying parts are varied. Although Beethoven still uses the tonic-dominant relationships to start and end his first section, mm. 1-16, even ending his first theme with a perfect authentic cadence the composer begins to use keys with third relationships. The main theme is in the key of A flat, however the second theme is in the relative minor key of F minor. MM 17-23 are very pivotal in nature and by mm. 23 Beethoven has modulated to the dominant key of E flat major. The remainder of the piece gives the feeling of A flat major, although section c, mm. 36-50. contain many modulations. The coda begins in mm 66-4 through the end and contains a series of V – I cadences. The Adagio of Sonate Pathetique has been compared having a similar melodic structure and affinity of theme to the Adagio of the Ninth Symphony written during the last period almost twenty-five years later. This Adagio movement is in the singing style and demands great emotion from the performer. Although this particular movement was written during Beethoven’s first period, the great emotion and contemplation. the peace and introspection that characterized his third period seem to be present (McLeish pg. 58-76). Beethoven had a powerful personality that awed everyone. His high-voltage personality coupled with his high-voltage genius, Beethoven was able to live his life on his own terms in everything except his deafness. He was only 5 feet, 4 inches, broad, with a large head, lots of hair. protruding-teeth, a small nose and a bad habit of spitting. He was clumsy, sullen and suspicious, touchy, forgetful, and prone to rages of temper. As a bachelor, he was incredibly messy and had no servants because they would not put up with him (Schonberg, pg. 110-111). In 1802 Beethoven was told his deafness was incurable. This knowledge caused a violent change in his character which brought about a big change in his music. The boisterousness of his youth turned into a mature artist pondering and placing each effect. Many of Beethoven’s most popular works date from this time. The ‘Emperor’ Piano Concerto. the Violin Concerto, the Third to Seventh Symphonies, the ‘Razumovsky’ were composed at this time (McLeish, pg. 19). In 1805 Beethoven premiered the Eroica Symphony which was a turning point in musical history. A succession of masterpieces came in the next eight years. Around 1811, Beethoven’s productivity slowed down. His deafness became total and he retired into his inner world. His health deteriorated and the relationship he had with his nephew, Karl, might have robbed the World of some masterpieces. He became the guardian of Karl when Beethoven’s brother Casper died. Beethoven was alternately strict and easy going and Karl was driven out of his mind. In 1826, Karl attempted suicide and told police Beethoven tormented him. Beethoven took it badly and friends say he aged twenty years in those weeks (McLeish, pg. 20). He died on March 27, 1827 after a long illness. It is reported 20,000 people attended the funeral. Beethoven’s music falls into three periods. His first twenty works hinted at the explosive power to come. After the Eroica, the second period sets in. He was confident, a master of form, and made his own rules. His music was governed by the logic of a great technician and musical genius. The last works period was the music of a man who has seen all and experienced all, a man in a silent, suffering world. He wrote only to justify his artistic existence, not to please anyone. Some find the works of this time bleak, cold and incomprehensible. Beethoven was a musical intellect who was driven by illness and mental suffering to retreat into his own world. His music is the most powerful body of music ever brought together by one composer (Schonberg, pgs. 115, 117, 119, 123).

1. “Beethoven, Ludwig Van” Collier’s Encyclopedia. 1991 ed. 2. McLeish, Kenneth & Valerie. Listeners’ Guide to Classical Music. Great Britain. Butler & Tanner Ltd. 1986. 3. Schonberg, C. Harold. The Lives of the Great Composers. New York. W.W. Norton & Co. 1981.

The Life of Ludwig Van Beethoven Essay

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The Life Of Ludwig Van Beethoven
The Life of Ludwig van BeethovenThe rise of Ludwig van Beethoven into the ranks of history s greatest composers was paralleled by and in some ways a consequence of his.

The rise of Ludwig van Beethoven into the ranks of history's greatest composers was parallelled by and in some ways a consequence of his own personal tragedy and despair. Beginning in the late 1790's, the increasing buzzing and humming in his ears sent Beethoven into a panic, searching for a cure from doctor to doctor. By October 1802 he had written the Heiligenstadt Testament confessing the certainty of his growing deafness, his consequent despair, and suicidal considerations. Yet, despite the

The Life Of Ludwig Van Beethoven
The Life of Ludwig Van Beethoven The rise of Ludwig van Beethoven into the ranks of history s greatest composers was paralleled by and in some ways a consequence of.

personal tragedy caused by the "infirmity in the one sense which ought to be more perfect in [him] than in others, a sense which [he] once possessed in the highest perfection, a perfection such as few in [his] profession enjoy," it also served as a motivating force in that it challenged him to try and conquer the fate that was handed him. He would not surrender to that "jealous demon, my wretched health" before proving to himself and the world

the extent of his skill. Thus, faced with such great impending loss, Beethoven, keeping faith in his art and ability, states in his Heiligenstadt Testament a promise of his greatness yet to be proven in the development of his heroic style.

By about 1800, Beethoven was mastering the Viennese High-Classic style. Although the style had been first perfected by Mozart, Beethoven did extend it to some degree. He had unprecedently composed sonatas for the cello which in combination with the

The Life of Ludwig Van Beethoven
The rise of Ludwig van Beethoven into the ranks of history's greatest composers was parallelled by and in some ways a consequence of his own personal tragedy and despair. Beginning.

piano opened the era of the Classic-Romantic cello sonata. In addition, his sonatas for violin and piano became the cornerstone of the sonata duo repertory. His experimentation with additions to the standard forms likewise made it apparent that he had reached the limits of the high-Classic style. Having displayed the extended range of his piano writing he was also begining to forge a new voice for the violin. In 1800, Beethoven was additionally combining the sonata form with a full

The Life of Ludwig Van Beethoven
The rise of Ludwig van Beethoven into the ranks of history's greatest composers was parallelled by and in some ways a consequence of his own personal tragedy and despair. Beginning.

orchestra in his First Symphony, op. 2. In the arena of piano sonata, he had also gone beyond the three-movement design of Haydn and Mozart, applying sometimes the four-movement design reserved for symphonies and quartets through the addition of a minuet or scherzo. Having confidently proven the high-Classic phase of his sonata development with the "Grande Sonate," op. 22, Beethoven moved on to the fantasy sonata to allow himself freer expression. By 1802, he had evidently succeeded in mastering the

thw workd sks
Ludwig Van Beethoven The rise of Ludwig van Beethoven into the ranks of history's greatest composers was paralleled by and in some ways a consequence of his own personal.

high-Classic style within each of its major instrumental genres-the piano trio, string trio, string quartet and quintet, Classic piano concerto, duo sonata, piano sonata, and symphony. Having reached the end of the great Vienese tradition, he was then faced with either the unchallenging repetition of the tired style or going beyond it to new creations.

At about the same time that Beethoven had exhausted the potentials of the high-Classic style, his increasing deafness landed him in a major cycle of

Beethoven. Brief summary
Ludwig Van Beethoven Ludwig Van Beethoven came from a talented musical family. His father and Grandfather worked for the electors of Cologne, which residence was in Bonn. Ludwig’s grandfather Lodewyk.

depression, from which was to emerge his heroic period as exemplified in Symphony No. 3, op. 55 ("Eroica"). In Beethoven's Heiligenstadt Testament of October 1802, he reveals his malaise that was sending him to the edge of despair. He speaks of suicide in the same breath as a reluctance to die, expressing his helplessness against the inevitability of death. Having searched vainly for a cure, he seems to have lost all hope-"As the leaves of autumn fall and are withered-so

beethoven
Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) Ludwig van Beethoven is one of the most influential composers in the history of classical music. Beethoven was born in Bonn, Germany in.

likewise has my hope been blighted-I leave here-almost as I came-even the high courage-which often inspired me in the beautiful days of summer-has disappeared." There is somewhat of a parallel between his personal and professional life. He is at a dead end on both cases. There seems to be no more that he can do with the high-Classic style ;his deafness seems poised inevitably to encumber and ultimately halt his musical career. However, despite it all, he reveals in the

Beethoven
Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) Ludwig van Beethoven is one of the most influential composers in the history of classical music. Beethoven was born in Bonn, Germany in 1770. He was.

Testament a determination, though weak and exhausted, to carry on-"I would have ended my life-it was only my art that held me back. Ah, it seemed to me impossible to leave the world until I had brought forth all that I felt was within me. So I endured this wretched existence. " Realizing his own potential which he expressed earlier after the completion of the Second Symphony-"I am only a little satisfied with my previous works"-and in an 1801 letter-"I will

Beethoven
Beethoven Ludwig van Beethoven overcame many obstacles throughout his life (1770-1827). By expanding the style of his influences, he accomplished musical tasks before possible. His influences.

seize Fate by the throat ;it shall certainly

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Ludwig van Beethoven - Short Essay
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Ludwig van Beethoven
Who was Ludwig van Beethoven? Most people just seem to know him as the great Beethoven. Although he is known as one of the most commonly known composers, I think he is probably the most well known of all composers. He was born in Bonn, Germany on December 17, 1770. He was the second-oldest child of the musician Johann van Beethoven. Because his father was a musician, Beethoven’s goal at a young age was to become a pianist. When he was the young age of eight years old, he gave his first public performance on the piano. At eleven, he received training for piano performance and composition. His trainer was Christian Gottlob Neefe; he was also a court musician in Bonn, Germany. At twelve years of age he published some music that he had written himself. These are some of the events of young Beethoven’s life.
In 1783 he became a part of Neefe’s orchestra. In 1787, he left home to go to Vienna for the first time in his life. This is where he met and studied music under another famous and great composer named Mozart. A tragedy then struck Beethoven only 5 months before his birthday. His mother died. She died on the day of July17, 1787. He was greatly saddened by this horrible event. It is because of this event that Beethoven returns home to Bonn. Another tragic event happens to him in 1791. A great composer and his mentor, Mozart, dies. In 1792, he chose Vienna as his new place to live. In 1798, he started to get a hearing disorder, which would eventually cause him to go completely deaf. Better news follows in 1801, when he performs Symphony No. 1 in C major. However in October 1802 he writes the Heiligenstadt Testament to his brothers. This is a letter in which he reveals his sadness over his hearing. These were some of the important events in the middle of Beethoven’s life.
Beethoven had many financial disputes with his brother and a man named Karl. In 1804, he performs Symphony No. 2 in D major. In 1806, he performs Symphony No. 3.

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The History Of The Piano Essay Research

of a performing pianist, and drove piano-makers to make higher quality pianos. Liszt was a romantic; he lived for music and it showed through his performances. Liszt would literally pound his pianos and it was frequent that a tuning would have to be done mid-concert. Oscar Bie best describes Lizst’s concerts like this: Using the full weight of his shoulders, arms and wrists he made the instrument speak with power, drama, and even violence that had never been done before… Pianos suffered at his hands and it was not at all unusual for one or two strings to break and for the piano to require retuning in the midst of one of his concerts… a spare piano stood ready on the stage, and reports of his concerts suggest that the audience felt cheated if a piano survived intact. (63)

Lizst’s works were all passionate and beautiful, and since his passion was sometimes violent, pianos needed to be built stronger and more durable to sustain the blows dealt by passionate players. Piano-makers had to keep up with the changing times, and with Beethoven contributing to the piano’s hype, change was eminent (Bie 126). Ludwig van Beethoven was the king of pianists in his time. Beethoven wanted the piano to sound like a whole orchestra instead of just one instrument. Beethoven was accustomed to standard five-octave pianos, but in 1818, he received a six-octave grand piano from the Broadwood Piano Company (Bie 139). Excited with this new style and extra octave, Beethoven wrote his last three sonatas for the six-octave. Beethoven, however, was deaf by 1818, loved his

Broadwood because he could more feel the music than hear it. Since Beethoven favored Broadwood, so did the rest of the musical community. The Broadwood Grand continued to be a very popular model through the 1850’s (140). By 1853, the United States had become part of the piano scene, producing pianos such as the upright and the Chickering, but perhaps the most important piano-makers in America in the nineteenth century are Steinway and Sons. As German natives, these men came to America to flee the German government, and found their calling in the piano-making business (Welton). Using the same frames as older pianos, the Steinways’ piano models remained in style for a time, but the showstopper came out in 1855, when the Steinways introduced their own homemade iron frame. This

frame was “that of the grand piano, which became the primary concert piano in America by 1900” (Grover 98). In the early 1900s, pianos began to be “the primary vocal accompanying instrument” (Barrie 3). With the Big Band Era and the Swing Era between the 1920s and 1940s, the piano continued to be a major part of all music. The mellow sounds of 1950s love songs gave listeners soothing chords, while 50’s rock and roll produced amazing sounds and playful piano pieces (5). As disco began to sweep over America, musical engineers created new electrical instruments, including pianos. These new pianos could be programmed to play not only as a piano, but also as a flute, a clarinet, an organ, or even a dog. An added bonus of the new digital piano was that no tuning would ever be

needed (5-6). From the 1960s to present day, the digital piano has been a vital part of almost all musical recording studios (Barrie 7). Being easily transported and virtually perfectly pitched, digital pianos are the preference of recording artists (7). This transformation exemplifies the piano’s evolution, in relationship to human music growth and change. Concert pianists, however, use only true grand pianos, perhaps to preserve the tradition set by early Europeans (8-9). Worldwide, the piano has lived a full and momentous life. Since the Steinway’s success, pianos have been used for recreation, employment, entertainment, and education. Though the piano has had many different faces, the general intent of all players was (and is) to bring joy to someone’s day. The piano is

not only a musical instrument, but an instrument of internal harmony. From it’s origination as a little tiny clavichord, to the unblemished beautiful grand pianos of today, the piano has and always will be one of the centerpieces of all kinds of music. Bibliography Bie, Oscar. A History of the Pianoforte and Pianoforte Players. trans. by E. E. Kellett and E. W. Naylor. NewYork: Da Capo, 1966. Grover, David S. THE PIANO– It’s story from Zither to Grand. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1978. Heaton, Barrie. “A History of the Piano from 1706 to1990” http://www.uk-piano.org/history/history_1.html (26 Oct. 1996) Hollis, Helen Rice. The Piano–A Pictoral Account of It’s Ancestry and Development. New York: Hippocrene, 1975. Swan, Annalyn. Enlightenment’s Gift to the

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2. The Rise of Ludwig Van Beethoven Into the Ranks of History

Ludwig Van Beethoven The rise of Ludwig van Beethoven into the ranks of history's greatest composers was paralleled by and in some ways a consequence of his own personal tragedy and despair. He has set his old self-the almost-deaf, tired, hopeless Ludwig- to rest through the Testament so that he may rise and live again. The Heiligenstadt Testament is a prophecy of the greatness to come of Ludwig van Beethoven. Bibliography Ludwig Van Beethoven The rise of Ludwig van Beethoven into the ranks of history's greatest composers was paralleled by and in some ways a consequence o.

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6. Life of Ludwig von Beethoven

Ludwig von BeethovenOne of the greatest musical geniuses of all time didn't even know his own birthday. Ludwig von Beethoven was born second in his family, behind Ludwig Maria, his older brother, who died very young. Their pain could have overshadowed the second Ludwig's own early childhood. The brothers shared a name, Ludwig, which probably added to his confusion.

7. Ludwig van Beethoven and His Own Tragedy and Despair

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When the life of Ludwig van Beethoven first encroached upon my path, much the same sensation was experienced. Johaan Beethoven, Ludwig's drunkard father, had become aware that his son possessed musical talent. Though apparently not particularly moved to enrich the young child's life, Johaan saw Ludwig as a potential Mozart style child prodigy of which could be capitalized on for financial gain. It is ironic that the same greed over Mozart's success inspired the creation of one genius, Ludwig Beethoven, yet aided in the demise of another, Wolfgang A. Johaan felt that i.

14. Beethoven

The composer of some of the most influential pieces of musicever written, Ludwig van Beethoven created a bridge between the 18th-century classical period and the new beginnings of Romanticism. Ludwig van Beethoven was born in Bonn, Germany, and was baptized onDec. 17, 1770. Ludwig's father, asinger, gave him his early musical training. Ludwig's first important teacher of composition was Christian Gottlob Neefe.

15. Ludwig van Beethoven: The Greatest Composer Ever Live

Ludwig van Beethoven has been called one of the greatest composers to ever live. Ludwig's mother, Marie Magdalene Kerverich van Beethoven, bore two other children besides Ludwig. Ludwig began taking music lessons from his father at a very young age. Ludwig hated his father and his lessons "hung over him like a threat.". Neefe helped young Ludwig a lot during this time.

16. The Thoughts on the Life of Ludwig Van Beethoven

When the life of Ludwig van Beethoven first encroached upon my path, much the same sensation was experienced. Johaan Beethoven, Ludwig's drunkard father, had become aware that his son possessed musical talent. Though apparently not particularly moved to enrich the young child's life, Johaan saw Ludwig as a potential Mozart style child prodigy of which could be capitalized on for financial gain. It is ironic that the same greed over Mozart's success inspired the creation of one genius, Ludwig Beethoven, yet aided in the demise of another, Wolfgang A. Johaan felt that i.

17. Ludwig von Mises: Defender of the Free Market

Ludwig von Mises: Defender of the Free MarketLudwig von Misis thoughts on human behavior, socialism, and money and credit have had a major impact on economic thought. The remainder of this paper will outline the life of Ludwig von Mises. Finally, the paper will conclude with an assessment of Ludwig von Mises contributions to economic thought.Overview of the Life of Ludwig von MisesLudwig von Misis was born on September 29, 1881 in Lemberg, Austria. On October 10, 1973 Ludwig von Mises passed away at St. Vincent Hospital in New York City.Factors Influencing Ludwig von Mises Ideas.

18. Joseph Haydn and Ludwig Van Beethoven

Among the influential composers of classical music, there have been few who have contributed so much in both talent, creativity, and style as Joseph Haydn and Ludwig Van Beethoven. Both extremely talented in the art of classical composition, Haydn and Beethoven placed their heart, soul and ingenuity.

19. Seagram Building by Mies Van der Rohe

Ludwig Mies Van der Rohe was born in the year 1886 in Aachen, Germany. (Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe, 1886-1969: www.designboom.com) Mies became iconic of the cool and minimalist, 'less is more' internationally acclaimed style during the first half of the twentieth century, when his contemporaries were the famous Le Corbusier and Walter Gropius. (Designer: Ludwig Mies Van der Rohe) The Seagram Building is essentially a logical and an elegant skyscraper designed by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, and is an imposing structure made of steel and glass. In fact, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe.

20. The Three Prominent Composers

The three prominent composers of the classical period were Franz Haydn, Wolfgang Mozart, and Ludwig van Beethoven. The third master of the Viennese School was Ludwig van Beethoven. Ludwig van Beethoven died in 1827, and in his 57 years was able to compose nine symphonies, sixteen quartets, and thirty-two piano sonatas.BIBLIOGRAPHYNorton Sony Classical Essentials of Music, www.wwnorton.com/classical/composers.

21. Beethoven's Symphony No. 1 in C Major

NINE BEETHOVEN SYMPHONIESOut of all musical artists known today, Ludwig Van Beethoven is right at the top of popularity and stardom. Though his life didn't start this way, as did Mozart's, Beethoven increased in knowledge and musical ablility as he was taught by some of the best composers of his ti.

22. The Nine Beethoven Syphonies

NINE BEETHOVEN SYMPHONIESOut of all musical artists known today, Ludwig Van Beethoven is right at the top of popularity and stardom. Though his life didn't start this way, as did Mozart's, Beethoven increased in knowledge and musical ablility as he was taught by some of the best composers of his ti.

23. The Beethovens Eroica

"Eroica" In April of 1805, Ludwig Van Beethoven finished his third symphony. It was the time of the French Revolution and Napoleon.Beethoven, a poor, lower-middle class musician living in Bonn, Germany, was affected by the Revolution, as was the rest of European citizens. Napoloen as looked up.

24. Influence of Mozart to the Music Industry

J.R.Music, Ludwig Van Beethoven and W.A. Mozart died in 1791, in Vienna at the age of just 35.Ludwig Van Beethoven came in the later part of the Classical Period and helped bridge this period with the Romantic era.

25. Life and Achievements of Ludwig Van Beethoven

BeethovenFor many people, Ludwig Van Beethoven is considered the greatestcomposer who ever lived and is the highest level of musical geniuses. "Beethoven, Ludwig Van" Collier's Encyclopedia. 1991ed.2.

Ludwig Van Beethoven Composer History Essay

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About Us More About Us Ludwig Van Beethoven Composer History Essay

Published: 23, March 2015

Beethoven has always been one of my favor composers. I have heard a lot about him. I used to go to the opera house in Manhattan each time they had something about Beethoven. I listen to his music from NPR at nights. Unfortunately, I never had a chance to fully research this musician. It is just something about his music that I admire, especially symphony # 5 (Emperor Concerto, 1809). I never knew what it is about, but I know that I like it. It is a privilege to finally have the opportunity to research Beethoven. I like classical music. In fact, this is the reason why I took this class. In this research, I will give a brief illustration about Beethoven's life, his works, deafness, sickness, and his death.

According to Encyclopedia of the Age of Industry and Empire, 2006, Ludwig van Beethoven was a composer and a musician. He was born in December 16, 1770 in Bonn, Germany. He later died in March 26, 1827 in Vienna, Austria. Beethoven was born in a family that was musician. His grandfather was a musical director at a court in which his father was a singer there. In fact, Beethoven has the same name as his grandfather. Therefore, it was in his genes to be a musician. Consequently, the source stated that his family began to train him to be a court musician as well.

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Beethoven became a composer not just by his own will but, by following his family's foot step. According to World Eras 2002, (Vol. 9) his parents wanted him to start music lessons at the age of 4. He rejected that idea. World Eras 2002, (Vol. 9) also stated that Beethoven did not have any motivation for music in his early childhood. Nevertheless, he took music classes and proceeded with his duties at the court as his parents had wanted him to.

At the court, Beethoven had many duties and responsibilities as he proceeded with his musical professional there. His responsibilities included to play viola in the orchestra and organ in the chapel. For opera performances, his job was to accompany rehearsals and coaches singers.

Beethoven's passions for music began to develop. As a result, in 1787, Beethoven decided to advance his career. Consequently, he went to Vienna, Austria to study music with Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Within a short period of time of being there, he founded himself in an unpredictable situation. He had been informed that his mother was ill. For that reason, it was essential for him to return to Bonn due to his mother's illness.

At the age of seventeen, Beethoven got greater responsibilities then just learning about music. He had to grow-up fast and become an adult. World Eras 2002 stated that after the dead of his mother, his father became an alcoholic. As a result, he had to take care of his two younger brothers. Nevertheless, Beethoven never let any of his obstacles impair him from becoming what he wanted to be in his career. By the age of twenty one, he produced two cantatas, three piano sonatas, and three piano quartets (piano and strings). He was on his way to become the greatest musician and composer of all time.

In November 1792, Beethoven left Bonn again and went to Vienna. He stayed there for the rest of his life. In Vienna, he worked as a pianist. He gave piano and composition lessons. He conducted and performed his music at private and public concerts. He sold his composition to publishers in Vienna, Germany, later in England and Paris as well. He also composed on commission too.

According to World Eras 2002, by 1795, Beethoven was the world most popular composer and pianist in Vienna. His concerts were very financially successful, which help him to tour other cities in Europe as well. He sold a lot of his pieces to publishers. People were even competing to buy his works. World Eras 2002, confirmed that at one point, Beethoven didn't have to negotiate for prices any more. He just had to say his prices and that was it. People would purchase his music for whatever prices.

Beethoven had a passion for what he did. He went behind financial success. His enthusiasm was not just about money. He was obsessed with his music. He was able to compose pieces after pieces. World Eras 2002 stated that Beethoven lived completely for his music. He would produce three to four pieces at the same time.

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In addition to Beethoven's passion for music, he also had an obsession for drinking alcohol. According to the Macmillan Encyclopedia, Beethoven was born in an alcoholic family. His father and his grandmother both died from alcohol. So, for Beethoven, I think drinking alcohol was a genetic behavior for him. In Beethoven's later years of life, it is reported that he used to drink very heavily. He used to drink every single day. In fact, the article indicated that Beethoven would drink at least one bottle of wine with his diner. So, the drinking problem started to manifest itself by attacking Beethoven's health. Consequently, his doctor advised him to stop drinking or drink in moderation. However, Beethoven never stopped. Therefore, his health was at risk. He started to get sick.

Unfortunately, Beethoven health started to be his biggest enemy. He was chronically ill. World Eras 2002 also stated that Beethoven was diagnosed with gastrointestinal disorder, respiratory disorder, headaches, and rheumatism. The worst part of his sickness was becoming deaf. For a musician, I think it is a major obstacle. Ludwig van Beethoven was a determine person even deafness couldn't stop him from what he loves to do. In fact, this is when his music was at its best. Yes, he had to wear hearing aids, but that did not affect him until he got to the point of no return. This is when he went completely death. His hearing never got any better even when he tried home remedies that friends had suggested to him. By the time he conducted his ninth symphony in 1824, he was totally deaf.

The obstacle of been deaf and been a conductor was overwhelmed for Beethoven. Nevertheless, he managed to continue his work. The Macmillan Encyclopedia 2003 reported that Beethoven used to place his ear near the piano when he was playing so that he can sense the vibration of different notes. Beethoven hearing problems started when he was 28 years old. Sadly, the problem got worst and left him completely deaf by the age of 44. In the medical field, hearing loss or deafness can be due to several aspects such as loud noise, loud music, and genetic disorder, injury to the ears or the head. However, in Beethoven's case, Medical Historians were not certain of how Beethoven became deaf. Some article such at Deafness and Hearing Loss believes that it was due to nerve damages and damages done to the bones in his ears.

By the time Beethoven conducted his ninth symphony, he was totally deaf. According to a lot of people, the ninth symphony was one of his greatest successes of work. According to The Macmillan Encyclopedia 2003, His symphony # 9 was a combination of his work from early 1793 and late 1823. He combined these pieces to create a master piece. This master piece took him almost 6 years to finish. During the performance of this symphony, he was never aware of the audience's reaction. In fact, one of his soloists had to make him turn to face the audience so that he can see all the applauses from the audience. The audience was mesmerized by his work. This was in fact Beethoven's last piece of work.

Beethoven suffered with many illnesses before he died. One of the major medical problems that he had, which was visible to the public eyes was distended abdomen. Abdominal distention is the swollen of the abdomen that make it big and hard. So, Beethoven was eager to seek for help. Consequently, he went to extensive operations to relieve the fluid out. However, none of those operations were successful. On March 24, 1827, Beethoven went into a coma. By March 26, he was death. According to Francois Martin Mai (2008), some believe the cause of his death was due to liver disease. Others believed it was lead poisoning, syphilis, infectious with hepatitis, and the list goes on.

According to Beethoven's autopsy, which was done by Dr. Johann Wagner on March 27, 1827, it was understood that the composer died of cirrhotic and shrunken liver. According to Medical Surgical Nursing 2013, cirrhotic is a disease of the liver. It is due to chronic reaction to hepatic inflammation and necrosis. The book stated that the most common causes for cirrhosis are hepatitis C, D, alcoholism, and biliary obstruction. Nevertheless, people were still debating that his liver damage was due to heavy drinking of alcohol. Back then, alcohol was believed to be contaminated with heavy metals. However, many researchers today belied that Beethoven died of sarcoidosis.

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Sarcoidosis is a granulomatous disorder of unknown cause that can affect any organ of the body, Medical-Surgical Nursing 2013. According to Dr. Tom Palferman a rheumatologist and an amateur cellist, who reported in the Sunday Times, this is the cause of Beethoven's death. The newspaper stated that Dr. Tom had spent over 10 years researching the cause of Beethoven's death before he came-up with this diagnosis. He believes that Beethoven died of sarcoidosis disease, which affected hearing and destroyed the liver. As a nursing student, I do see the correlations between the two factors. However, In Dr.'s Tom report, there are no evidences to persuade me enough as of these two are the only final facts. There are several types of sarcoidosis such as pulmonary, occult, verrucous, nodular, and fibroblastic sarcoidosis. He never stated what types of sarcoidosis he found in Beethoven. Moreover, sarcoidosis always has some kind of effect on the lungs. The patient might have minor signs and symptoms such as coughing, but there will be something of that nature due to the lymph nodes that the disease attacks. In fact, any system of the body has the potential to suffer the effect of sarcoidosis.

In addition, chemical study of Beethoven hair tends to direct people that he had died of lead poisoning. According to PR newswire October 17, 2000, a group of researchers from Hearth Research Institution conducted a four year research to solve the mystery of Beethoven's death. The article stated that the researchers had found high level of concentrated leads in eight strands of Beethoven's hair. The American Beethoven enthusiasts purchased Beethoven's hair in 1994 through the Sotheby's in Lyndon for that purpose. The organization proceeded by hiring a high qualify doctor by the name of Dr. William Walsh for the analyses. Dr Walsh was also the director of the Health Research Institution where the analysis was conducted.

The result of this analysis was about to become a huge matter in the history of the cause of Beethoven's death. In fact, Dr Walsh decided that a press conference was the best way to announce the results. As he proceeded with the conference, he started by informing the public of the signs and symptoms that Beethoven had prior to his death. According to independent analysis, it is proven that Beethoven death is due to plumbism. Plumbism is another term for lead poisoning. But, the analysis did not believe that lead poisoning was the cause of Beethoven's deafness.

On the other hand, some believe that lead poison was never a cause of his death. According to the New York Time, May 29, 2010, lead poison experts from Mount Sinai school of Medicine in New York tested Beethoven's skull. The skull that they tested happened to be the same piece that has been tested in several occasions. The researcher, Dr. Andrew C. Todd report showed that Beethoven skull had no more lead than in the average person's skull.

He stated that Beethoven was not exposed to long-term high level of lead. He concluded that Beethoven did not die of lead poisoning. In fact, Dr. Todd suggested that people should stop looking at lead poisoning as a major factor in Beethoven's death.

So, the question remains, what really killed Beethoven? Regardless of what killed him, Beethoven remains one of the most famous and influential musician and composers of all time. The role that he plays in music can never be replaced. He still plays a crucial figure in the transition between classical and romantic eras in western art of music today. I like Beethoven because his works represents the symbol of strengths, courage, and power. How can you compose music when you can't hear it? This is the power of faith in him. It was unfortunate that he had to die prematurely. Nevertheless, his works will live for evermore.

Beethoven was not perfect. He had faults just like other people. As human beings, this is what we do. Unfortunately, some of us choose the wrong path of life without thinking of the consequences. The reasons why people do those thing sometime is unpredictable. A lot of researchers will continue to predict why Beethoven used to drink heavily, why he did a lot of the things he did. But, no one will never really know the true behind any of those things.

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