Essay for you

Effects Of Air Pollution On Human Health Essay Topic Ideas

Rating: 4.3/5.0 (16 Votes)

Category: Essay

Description

FREE Essay on The Health and Environmental Effects of Air Pollution

DirectEssays.com The Health and Environmental Effects of Air Pollution

Air pollution results mainly from the incomplete combustion of several fuels, such as coal, petrol and wood. The chief sources of pollution from combustion are furnaces in factories, engines in vehicles and burning of trash. Thus, pollutant gases are mainly introduced into the air due to human activities.

Basically, the industrialization of society, the introduction of motorized vehicles, and the explosion of the population are factors contributing toward the growing air pollution problem.

Some main components of air pollution

The primary air pollutants found in most urban areas are carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, sulfur oxides, hydrocarbons, lead, and particulate matter (both solid and liquid). These pollutants are dispersed throughout the world's atmosphere in concentrations high enough to gradually cause serious health problems.

Sulphur dioxide is the major pollutant due to human activities. Burning fossil fuel containing sulphur releases sulphur dioxide into the air. At high concentrations, sulphur dioxide has damaging effects on both plants and animals. For the case of plants, sulphur dioxide penetrates the leaves through the stomata, thus damaging and ultimately killing them. In certain parts of America, smelting works have produced such high concentrations of sulphur dioxide that entire plots of vegetation have been destroyed.

Sulphur dioxide reacts with oxygen and rainwater in the air to from sulphuric acid. Sulphuric acid is a component of acid rain, which leads to water pollution, in turn causing the death of aquatic organisms in several lakes and rivers, and damaging property.

Sulphur dioxide is also the main component of smog, one of the most common forms of air pollution. Smog is basically a mixture of fog and smoke. It occurs when a layer of warm air lies on top of cool air. The cool air, together with the pollutants such as sulphur dioxide, is

Related Essays:

The Health and Environmental Effects of Air Pollution. (2000, January 01). In DirectEssays.com. Retrieved 04:40, August 05, 2016, from http://www.directessays.com/viewpaper/89936.html

Direct Essays. "The Health and Environmental Effects of Air Pollution." DirectEssays.com. DirectEssays.com, (January 01, 2000). Web. 05 Aug. 2016.

Direct Essays, "The Health and Environmental Effects of Air Pollution.," DirectEssays.com, http://www.directessays.com/viewpaper/89936.html (accessed August 05, 2016)

Other articles

Pollution and its effects essay - essays, biography, admissions, homeworks and other

pollution and its effects essay


While new cars and light trucks emit about 90 percent fewer pollutants than they did three. These particles of soot, metals, and pollen give smog its murky color.

Essay on Environmental Pollution Causes, Effects and Solution. His quest for knowledge and search for security succeeded in exploring.

That's why it's important to understand exactly what noise pollution is and how it can affect your health. Read this article to learn more about this.

Its problems are compounded by illegal fishing, catching of juvenile fish, and. Photo essay Polluted, overfished, and choked by weeds, world's. according to an environmental and social impact report for a project to.

Develop your reading skills. Read the following text on pollution and its effect on the environment. Then answer the comprehension questions.

Soil Contamination It occurs due to releasing of chemicals through. What is the impact of pollution on human health and environment?

Essays from BookRags provide great ideas for Water pollution essays and paper topics like The Effects of Pollution in Water. View this student.

Essay on Environmental Pollution Causes, Effects and Solution.

The aim of integrating. Get Essay for UPSC and Civil Service Aspirants in India. Air pollution has far reaching effects on human health. Mostly it affects the. Its the duty of each and every citizen to save our mother combined effort.Soil pollution may affect all of us as well as plants and animals. However, children are usually more susceptible. This is because kids are more sensitive to.

Causes Of Noise Pollution And Its Effects On Health SymptomFind.

An essay or paper on Causes of Water Pollution. Water pollution is one of the world

  • Water pollution is one of the world's worst forms of pollution. For example, take a look at a glass of water. It may appear clear, but there are really millions of.

A Proofread Essay Template On The Topic Of Air Pollution

university of technology sydney

Looking for help with essay or term paper? You can try this service - professional essay writers and researchers.

Professional term paper help from experts - look at this site - US and UK writers.

Get professional essay help in just one click - native English-speakers.

Air Pollution

Pollution is a very common term today. It is a major problem and is talked about by all the stakeholders. The international bodies together with nongovernmental organizations are actively involved in educating people about pollution, its effects and ways of curbing pollution. Air pollution is in simple terms contaminating the air. This is by adding compositions to the air that make it difficult for plants, animals and human beings to survive. Air pollution may be physical, biological or chemical. In the case of physical air pollution, it will be easy for you to see. You may not however be able to see all the pollutants, but most of the physical air pollutants can be seen. The most common air pollutants are dust, smoke and gases. These three may combine to form a blanket layer in the atmosphere. This leads the latest global concern of global warming. It leads to a slow but steady increase in temperature because of the blanket. The other primary concern is the destruction of the ozone layer. This is contributed by the gases that react with ozone and leading to the creation of holes in the ozone. Human and volcanic activities are the primary activities that lead to air pollution.

Causes of Air Pollution

Burning of fossil fuels is one the leading cause of air pollution. Burning coal and petroleum releases sulfur dioxide. Lack of proper combustion of these fuels releases carbon monoxide which is a very poisonous gas. Agricultural activities also contribute a significant percentage to air pollution. The use of pesticides, fertilizers and insecticides pollutes the air. During mining, a lot of dust is released into the atmosphere. Families living close to mining quarries suffer from respiratory diseases because of the dust from the quarries. At times, chemicals are used so as to make accessible the mining process. This leads to air pollution. Factories also emit a lot of gases into the atmosphere. All the above are as a result of human activities. Some natural occurring things like volcanoes also release a lot of smoke and dust to the environment.

Effects of Air Pollution

Health problems are the first major effect of air pollution. There is a significant risk from respiratory diseases and heart conditions due to air pollution. Children that live in much-polluted areas may suffer from asthma and pneumonia. There is also the effect of global warming that leads to increasing in temperatures around the world. This leads to rising in water levels because the ice in cold areas is melting. There is the issue of acid rain. As rain falls, water combines with sulfur oxide and nitrogen oxide in the atmosphere and forms acid.

Effects of Air Pollution: on Human Health, Animals and Atmosphere

Effects of Air Pollution: on Human Health, Animals and Atmosphere

Effects of Air Pollution: on Human Health, Animals and Atmosphere!

Air pollution has now become a worldwide phenomenon and every individual in one way or the other is facing problems caused by it. Its impact can be seen locally, at regional level as well as at global level.

At local and regional levels its manifestations are in the form of alterations in (i) visibility, (ii) intensity of sunshine, (iii) precipitation amount, and (iv) acid rain. Its global effects are. (i) Change in natural climate by rise of temperature, melting of snow, (ii) increase in carbon dioxide, (iii) increase in particulates, (iv) holes in ozone layer, etc. Several aspects of air pollution, such as effects on the ozone layer, greenhouse effect, smog and acid rain have already been discussed.

The effects of air pollution can be grouped under the following heads:

(i) Effects on human health,

(ii) Effects on animals and plants,

(iii) Effects on atmosphere, and

(iv) Other effects.

1. Effects on Human Health:

Some environmental poisons can cause acute illness and even death. Others may be harmful, but the disease may take years or even decades to appear. Air pollution mainly affects the respiratory system.

Bronchitis, emphysema, asthma and lung cancer are some of the chronic diseases caused due to exposure to polluted air. It is feared that lung cancer is caused mainly due to polluted air because carcinogens are found in it. Its mortality rate is higher in urban areas.

Figure 7.1 shows the various effects of air pollution on the human body. Sulfur dioxide is the most serious and widespread air pollutant. Its lower concentration is a cause of spasms in the smooth muscle of bronchioles and its higher concentration induces increased mucus production.

Sulfur dioxide is also considered to cause cough, shortness of breath, spasm of the larynx and acute irritation to the membranes of the eyes. It also acts as an allergenic agent. When it reacts with some compounds, sulfuric acid is formed which may damage lungs.

Carbon monoxide often affects the oxygen carrying capacity of blood. Nitric oxide is reported to be a pulmonary irritant and its excess concentration may cause pulmonary haemorrhage.

Hydrogen sulfide is also toxic. Lead emitted from automobile exhausts is a cumulative poison and is dangerous particularly to children and may cause brain damage.

The particulate pollutants such as asbestos, silica, carbon, beryllium, lead, etc. are capable of exerting a noxious (fibrotic) local action in the interstitial areas of the lungs. Radioactive elements are also harmful to man and other living organisms. As described earlier, smog has a killer effect, which is also the result of air pollution. The death toll by smog varies from few persons to thousands.

In December 1952, about 4,000 persons died in London due to smog. Similar cases have been reported from London itself in 1956, 1957 and 1962 in which the death toll was between 700 and 1,000 persons. In other countries also smog deaths have been reported. In fact, the growing air pollution has now become a health hazard for man.

2.Effects on Animals and Plants:

The impact of air pollution on animals is more or less similar to that on man. Chronic poisoning results from the ingestion of forage contaminated with atmospheric pollutants. Among the metallic contaminants, arsenic, lead and molybdenum are important. Fluoride is another pollutant, which causes fluorosis among animals.

A number of livestock have been poisoned by fluorides and arsenic in North America. Bone lesions in animals due to excessive fluorides have also been reported.

Air pollution has caused widespread damage to trees, fruits, vegetables, flowers and in general, vegetation as a whole. The total annual cost of plant damage caused by air pollution in USA alone has been estimated to be in the range of 1 to 2 billion dollars. The most dramatic early instances of plant damage were seen in the total destruction of vegetation by sulfur dioxide in the areas surrounding smelters.

When the absorption of sulfur dioxide exceeds a particular level, the cells become inactive and are killed, resulting in tissue collapse and drying of leaves. Cotton, wheat, barley and apple are more sensitive to this pollutant.

Fluorides are responsible for various types of injuries to plants. The leaves of apple, apricot, fig, peach and prune are more suscep­tible to air borne fluorides. Fluorides seem to interfere with the photosynthesis and respiration of plants. Smog also causes injury to plants. Similar impact of ozone can be seen in the lesions to plants. Chlorine, ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, etc. are also harmful to vegetation.

3. Effects on Atmosphere:

Some of the effects of air pollution on atmospheric conditions, such as effect on ozone layer, greenhouse effect, etc. have already been discussed. There is an increase in the carbon dioxide concentration in the air due to increased combustion of fossil fuels. Carbon dioxide absorbs heat strongly and the radiative cooling effect of the earth is thus decreased.

The rising of temperatures and ozone holes are some of the problems which have attracted the attention of the scientists all over the world. These problems are not related to any region or a country but are the global problems and their impact on world climate may be hazardous to the whole world.

The local weather conditions are highly susceptible to air pollution. Its impact on temperature, humidity, rainfall and clouds is apparent. The ‘smog dom’ on large urban centres is the result of air pollution. Due to air pollution, visibility also reduces.

4. Other Effects:

Air pollution can also cause damage to property and materials. The smoke, grit, dust and oxides of sulphur have harmful effects on structures.

In 1972, when an oil refinery at Mathura was opened, its impact on Taj Mahal became a major issue. Sulfur dioxide is the most damaging of gaseous pollutants. Aluminum alloys, copper and copper alloys, iron and steel are corroded when exposed to contam­inated air.

Hydrogen sulfide reacts with lead paints to form lead sulfide thereby producing a brown to black discolouration. The damage caused by air pollution to structures is not serious but from an aesthetic point of view, it is not desirable.

Related posts:

Реферат: Air Pollution Essay Research Paper name titleExecutive

Air Pollution Essay, Research Paper

An evaluation of the implications of environmental air pollution on

human life and the macro, meso and micro level steps being taken to change

the current status of air pollution is the purpose of this site. The method of

analysis used involved researching the actual hazards of air pollution on

humans, what solutions government agencies have proposed/implemented

(macro), what steps cities across the United States have taken (meso) and

how you (micro) can take a ?step toward? solving the air pollution problem.

The conclusion I have drawn from this research is that with the abundance of

evidence supporting the idea that air pollution has become a serious problem,

our society (individuals and businesses together) needs to adopt a holistic

pro-active stance against air pollution.

(picture and quote)

In order to maintain a concise, yet informative evaluation of my research, I

have categorized my findings in to four parts:

Part 1: The effect of air pollution on human health.

Part 2: Actions taken at the macro level.

Part 3: Actions taken at the meso level.

Part 4: Actions to take at the micro level.

I will discuss each part listed above and I will argue for a more holistic, pro-

active and more connected approach to tackling the problem of air pollution.

My final thoughts will probe you to think about the role you do play in our

society?s future and ask you to act on incorporating new thoughts.

Part 1: The effect of air pollution on human health.

Garrett?s quote above is from an eye opening book about the ?Human

Factor? and emerging infectious diseases. Although the book describes

exotic places like the Amazon jungle and Saharan Africa, an often overlooked

place for emerging illnesses is right where the majority of humans live … the

city. The city is the center for modern life as we know it. Yet, the city is also

becoming a center for death and illness.

Air pollution is a popular environmental problem that people rally

around. As a society, what are we actually doing to solve this problem and

help prevent an epidemic that is quietly arising out of the inner city?

The disease that is becoming a quiet killer in the inner city is asthma.

Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease that causes tightening of the chest and

difficulty breathing. Asthma has no single cause, but episodes can be brought

on by a variety of factors working alone or in combination. Environmental

epidemiologists are currently studying the most recent outbreaks of this

disease and why inner city children are suffering most from this illness.

According to the American Lung Association, asthma afflicts over 15

million Americans. The frightening aspect of this statistic is that the largest

group of people represented by this number is children. The United States

has an overall asthma rate of about 5 percent. However, the rate in New

York City is 8.4 percent and it can reach 25 percent among children in the

poorest urban neighborhoods.

Air pollutants such as ozone, diesel fumes and exhaust particles seem

to be the main source of the problem. Hospital admissions for asthma often

rise to 20 – 30 percent during periods of severe air pollution. Clearly, it is

not illegal to be admitted to the hospital, but it seems only humane that air

pollution caused by human acts (i.e. driving cars) making people sick enough

to have to go to the hospital should be illegal.

Clearly then, there is a correlation between human acts of convenience

and causing human illness. The question we must ask now is:

If asthma is a disease of civilization, what aspects of modern life can we change to help our fellow humans?

Part 2: Actions taken at the macro level.

For the purpose of this site, the macro level is defined as an entity

larger than a business and more powerful than the city in which the business

presides. The discussion that follows then, is an example of an effort made

by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to ?clean our air? and human

reactions to the EPA?s efforts.

In July of 1997, the EPA issued new clean air rules designed to cut

levels of smog and soot in the air. Ever since the rules were proposed back in

November 1996, the agency has come under attack. Critics, mainly from

industry, said the rules could impose serious burdens on American

consumers. Those critics claim that consumers will likely have to change

their lifestyles if the areas they live in are to meet the tougher new air quality

standards. At this point, I would like to propose a question:

How will steps in the right direction (EPA setting new standards that will benefit society) be effective unless lifestyle changes are made?

This is a perfect example of the Present Industrial Paradigm and the idea of

The ethnic group most affected by the asthma epidemic is African-

Americans. The inner cities of some of the largest metropolitan areas are

predominantly African-American. Proper health care and the ability to afford

such health care is a reason that children are dying of asthma. Ironically, at a

news conference at the National Press Club in June 1997, leaders

representing all minority groups said that they have told Clinton

Administration officials in meetings that the EPA?s proposals to further

control smog and fine particles will be so costly to implement, that billions of

dollars now headed for investment in small business in America?s inner cities

will be choked off.

What then, is the price of human health and why do the people most affected by air pollution want to put off efforts to help correct the problem?

Part 3: Actions taken at the meso level.

The meso level, as discussed in this site, refers to that entity which is

not as big as the EPA, but yet still holds more power than the individual. The

business, as Paul Hawken suggests. …has great power, perhaps more power

than any other institution. The discussion that follows examines the steps

some meso entities have taken to set an example for the improvement of our

The city of St. Louis, Missouri, has been challenging the problem of air

pollution since 1995. The people of the metropolitan area of St. Louis started

a government sponsored program aimed at cutting traffic pollution in that

year. The program, called RideFinders, includes private car pools and

federally sponsored vans. To date, the program has a registered enrollment of

2,000 people. Most metropolitan cities have mass transit (i.e. city buses)

already in place, but RideFinders is taking it one step further. Those enrolled

are doing it not because they have no other alternative for transportation, but

of their own free will. Although no significant change in air pollution has

been detected in St. Louis yet, the program is a great example of people

thinking beyond their own convenience and about others around them.

Many businesses offer incentive programs for ?carpooling? to work.

Even though this could be construed as bribing people to ?do the right thing,?

sometimes (especially in cases where results are not immediately able to

be seen) people need incentive they can hold in their hands (i.e. monetary or

even gift certificates). With incentives, a sense of awareness that there is an

issue and even employee camaraderie can help to foster a positive program.

As a result, employees and businesses can take pride in the fact that

they are taking responsibility for the world around them. The step from doing

something (like car-pooling) for an incentive and then doing it for a sense of

pride can be paralleled to Carol Gilligan?s Pre-Conventional Stage moving to

the Conventional Stage in her description of Stages of Moral Development.

Part 4: Actions to be taken at the micro level.

For the purpose of this document, the micro level should be understood

as the individual. The individual includes every member of society. With the

Present Industrial Paradigm that is so evident in our society today, the

individual? is a simple concept to comprehend. Our society, myself

included, is unconnected. For example, after four years without my own

automobile, when I see people waiting for the bus now that I have car, I am

glad I am not one of them. I embrace my freedom and independence and do

not want to have to be without it again. The question I ask myself is this:

Do I embrace my freedom (having a car now) because when I didn?t have a vehicle, all my friends had vehicles and I didn?t? Or, because I had to depend on others and that made me feel like lesser of a person?

It is an interesting question because I wonder what would have happened if

all my friends had to take the bus too. The oddity lies in the fact that when I

took the bus, I did not hate it. I was just fulfilling my basic needs; go to

work, go to school, go to the store, etc. I took the bus when I didn?t want to

have to depend on someone else for a ride home. It made me feel

independent. Now that I have my own vehicle though, I feel even more

independent – and I like it. Once again, this is the Reductionism mind-set. So,

how do we change our way of thinking? Here is my thought proposal:

We are all individuals, but what makes us all individuals is our

differences from every other individual in our society. I know I care about

others around me, but am I willing to give up my freedom/independence for

people I don?t even know? Probably not. However, I can start thinking

beyond myself. I can think long-term. If I know now (and I do) that children

are suffering from a disease caused by my need to feel independent and free,

it is uncomfortable for me because I hope to have children some day. I

certainly would not want my children to get sick from breathing! This is what

Laura Nash called. thinking long-term. Some may ask:

What is the difference of one person? It is not going to help if I am the only one making an effort.

(picture of the kiddies)

I agree, the individual standing alone seems somewhat powerless –

especially when trying to tackle something as awesome as the contaminated

air we breathe. What the individual should try to remember is that society

would not be society without each member in it. Therefore, as individuals,

and human beings, it is imperative to start thinking of the self/individual as

part of a whole. This is the basis for the Holistic Paradigm. It is grasping and

practicing the concept that we are NOT alone. It is trying to understand that

our actions today will have an effect tomorrow.

Air pollution has become a serious health hazard to our society. People are having to be admitted to hospitals because of our dirty air. A major contribution to the dirty air is society?s love for independence and convenience. Would we be able to tell our children?s great-great grandchildren that their air is bad because we didn?t feel like waiting for the bus or sharing a ride? Fortunately, actions are being taken at the macro and meso levels as I discussed earlier. It is up to the individual at the micro level to remember that what makes them an individual is everyone else around them. If we want to preserve our independence, let?s care for our neighbors and their children?s children.

1. Would you be willing to share a ride to work every day with a co- worker? Would you want an incentive?

2. Does the company you work for do any thing to help environmental issues? If not, how would they feel about you creating an awareness program?

3. Do you do anything to help environmental issues? Do you think you do enough?

Editors of Time. The Medical Advisor: The complete guide to alternative and conventional treatments. Time-Life Books, Alexandria, Virginia. 1996. pp. 148, 149.

Garrett, Laurie. The Coming Plague: Newly Emerging Diseases in a world out of Balance. Farrar, Straus and Giroux, New York. 1994.

Drive Time Car Pools a ?Growth Industry? Here? Schlinkmann, Mark. St. Louis Post-Dispatch. December 29, 1995. pp. 01B.

Gasping for Life? Podolsky, Doug. U.S. News & World Report. January 13, 1997. pp. 61-65.

New Air pollution rules smother inner cities? Chicago Independent Bulletin. Stamford, CT. June 19, 1997. pp. PG.

Road Warrior Fog-Bound Over Clean Air? Horvath, Adam Z. Newsday. April 1994. pp. 6.

U.S. says asthma cases up 75 percent since 1980? Cooper, Mike. Reuters. April 23, 1998.

Why Ebonie Can?t Breath? Cowley, Geoffrey and Underwood, Anne. Newsweek. May 26, 1997. pp. 58-64.

Air Pollution Essay by

Air Pollution

THE IDEA OF REGULATING AIR POLLUTION

Clean Air forms one of the most important necessities for the survival all living things. Both plants and animals utilize air in many ways which are very much diversified depending on several factors. Such factors include environmental factors like temperature humidity and sunlight. In addition. other determining factors on the ability of the living things to utilize air are those which fall under the broad category of chemical compositions and biological factor. There are some optimum quantities which are required by each individual living thing on

br the earth. These optima are therefore enormously varied because each and every living thing occupies its own niche within diversified environmental. biological and chemical factors

Many environmentalists have emerged in the past few decades or centuries claiming that there are many substances which are being released to the environment from the various sources. These substances are alleged to have great impact on impairing the health of plants and animals. Due to these detremendous factors of pollutants. numerous bodies have been formed with the idea of regulating air pollution

Air is a composition of gases. The various air components are used differently by plants and animals. Any unpolluted air has definite compositions of these air components. Due to the release of harmful gases and excessive useful gases forming part of the air. the air composition becomes altered and either plants or animals are affected in one way or the other. In to maintain the optimum air composition the idea of regulating air pollution is put in place

In the first point of view. the idea of regulating air pollution will in one way be very advantageous to the prosperity of human beings. This is because it endeavors to ensure that life is not affected through chemical substance such as sulfur compounds. which are released by many factories and automobiles to the environment. When such substances are reacted with other useful particular matter in the atmospheres. they form new substance which destroys human properties. For instance checking of sulfur oxide compounds from the air maintains minimal amounts of this compound. and thus it is impossible to have acidic rains which damages plants and housing roofs through corrosion. Regulating air pollution thus makes countries ' and world wide annual outputs to be increased or maintained at averages

When there are no damages within a country. and there is increase in outputs. this in most cases leads to an increase in trade. Hence. the replication in trades provides opportunities to for job employment to jobless people. Individuals find their living standards be improved through the earnings from the job returns. Moreover. trade and tax are intimately connected thus one cannot live on its own. It can then be seen that regulation of air pollution will indirectly contribute to the generation of revenue for the governments through trade. It not only generates revenues but also it saves government revenues through the elimination and abolishment of pollutants which are health hazard in the human.

Not the Essay You're looking for? Get a custom essay ( only for $12.99 )

Article Page

Proceedings of the 4th International Workshop on Biomonitoring of Atmospheric Pollution (With Emphasis on Trace Elements)

Human health effects of air pollution
  • Marilena Kampa
  • Elias Castanas .
  • Laboratory of Experimental Endocrinology, University of Crete, School of Medicine, P.O. Box 2208, Heraklion, 71003, Greece

Received 4 June 2007. Accepted 10 June 2007. Available online 23 July 2007.

Abstract

Hazardous chemicals escape to the environment by a number of natural and/or anthropogenic activities and may cause adverse effects on human health and the environment. Increased combustion of fossil fuels in the last century is responsible for the progressive change in the atmospheric composition. Air pollutants, such as carbon monoxide (CO), sulfur dioxide (SO2 ), nitrogen oxides (NOx), volatile organic compounds (VOCs), ozone (O3 ), heavy metals, and respirable particulate matter (PM2.5 and PM10), differ in their chemical composition, reaction properties, emission, time of disintegration and ability to diffuse in long or short distances. Air pollution has both acute and chronic effects on human health, affecting a number of different systems and organs. It ranges from minor upper respiratory irritation to chronic respiratory and heart disease, lung cancer, acute respiratory infections in children and chronic bronchitis in adults, aggravating pre-existing heart and lung disease, or asthmatic attacks. In addition, short- and long-term exposures have also been linked with premature mortality and reduced life expectancy. These effects of air pollutants on human health and their mechanism of action are briefly discussed.

Keywords
  • Air pollutant
  • Human health
  • Cellular actions
  • Detoxification

Corresponding author. Tel. +30 28 1039 4580; fax: +30 28 1039 4581.

Copyright © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Citing articles ( )

Air Pollution Essay

Free Essays Must Be Free! TM Air Pollution Essay

While the free essays can give you inspiration for writing, they cannot be used 'as is' because they will not meet your assignment's requirements. If you are in a time crunch, then you need a custom written term paper on your subject (air pollution)
Here you can hire an independent writer/researcher to custom write you an authentic essay to your specifications that will pass any plagiarism test (e.g. Turnitin). Waste no more time!

Air pollution
AIR POLUTION Problem The first thing people see, in the morning, when they walk outside is the sky or the colored sun. Is this world giving us the privilege of.

(name, title) Executive Summary An evaluation of the implications of environmental air pollution on human life and the macro, meso and micro level steps being taken to change the current status of air pollution is the purpose of this site. The method of analysis used involved researching the actual hazards of air pollution on humans, what solutions government agencies have proposed/implemented (macro), what steps cities across the United States have taken (meso) and how

Air Pollution
Problem The first thing people see, in the morning, when they walk outside is the sky or the colored sun. Is this world giving us.

you (micro) can take a �step toward� solving the air pollution problem. The conclusion I have drawn from this research is that with the abundance of evidence supporting the idea that air pollution has become a serious problem, our society (individuals and businesses together) needs to adopt a holistic pro-active stance against air pollution. (picture and quote) Introduction In order to maintain a concise, yet informative evaluation of my research, I have categorized my findings

Air Pollution
Air PollutionIn our society today, air pollution is a significant factor to our health. Since the beginning of the industrialization era, we have made a better place to live.

in to four parts: Part 1: The effect of air pollution on human health. Part 2: Actions taken at the macro level. Part 3: Actions taken at the meso level. Part 4: Actions to take at the micro level. I will discuss each part listed above and I will argue for a more holistic, pro- active and more connected approach to tackling the problem of air pollution. My final thoughts will probe you to think about the role you

Air Pollution
“Air Pollution, addition of harmful substances to the atmosphere resulting in damage to the environment, human health, and quality of life.” ;(Encarta Air Pollution) “Damage” ;may be quite an understatement.

do play in our society�s future and ask you to act on incorporating new thoughts. Part 1: The effect of air pollution on human health. Garrett�s quote above is from an eye opening book about the �Human Factor� and emerging infectious diseases. Although the book describes exotic places like the Amazon jungle and Saharan Africa, an often overlooked place for emerging illnesses is right where the majority of humans live. the city. The city

Air Pollution
(name, title) Executive Summary An evaluation of the implications of environmental air pollution on human life and the macro, meso and micro level steps being taken to change.

is the center for modern life as we know it. Yet, the city is also becoming a center for death and illness. Air pollution is a popular environmental problem that people rally around. As a society, what are we actually doing to solve this problem and help prevent an epidemic that is quietly arising out of the inner city? The disease that is becoming a quiet killer in the inner city is asthma. Asthma is a

Air Pollution
Air Pollution In 1948, the industrial town of Donora, Pennsylvania suffered 28 deaths because of the thick smog. Air pollution is an ecological problem having to do with toxins.

chronic respiratory disease that causes tightening of the chest and difficulty breathing. Asthma has no single cause, but episodes can be brought on by a variety of factors working alone or in combination. Environmental epidemiologists are currently studying the most recent outbreaks of this disease and why inner city children are suffering most from this illness. According to the American Lung Association, asthma afflicts over 15 million Americans. The frightening aspect of this statistic is

Air Pollution
In 1948, the industrial town of Donora, Pennsylvania suffered 28 deaths because of the thick smog. Air pollution is an ecological problem having to do with toxins in the air.

that the largest group of people represented by this number is children. The United States has an overall asthma rate of about 5 percent. However, the rate in New York City is 8.4 percent and it can reach 25 percent among children in the poorest urban neighborhoods. (statistic, picture) Air pollutants such as ozone, diesel fumes and exhaust particles seem to be the main source of the problem. Hospital admissions for asthma often rise

Air Pollution
Air Pollution: Causes, Effects and Solutions. Air is the ocean we breathe. Air supplies us with oxygen which is essential for our bodies to live. However, human activities can release.

to 20 - 30 percent during periods of severe air pollution. Clearly, it is not illegal to be admitted to the hospital, but it seems only humane that air pollution caused by human acts (i.e. driving cars) making people sick enough to have to go to the hospital should be illegal. Clearly then, there is a correlation between human acts of convenience and causing human illness. The question we must ask now is: If asthma

Air pollution
Is the air that we are breathing killing us? In this speech you will learn all that you need to know about air pollution. First I will give you the.

is a disease of civilization, what aspects of modern life can we change to help our fellow humans? Part 2: Actions taken at the macro level. For the purpose of this site, the macro level is defined as an entity larger than a business and more powerful than the city in which the business presides. The discussion that follows then, is an example of an effort made by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to �clean our air�

Air Pollution
Is the air that we are breathing killing us? In this speech you will learn all that you need to know about air pollution. First I will give you the.

and human reactions to the EPA�s efforts. In July of 1997, the EPA issued new clean air rules designed to cut levels of smog and soot in the air. Ever since the rules were proposed back in November 1996, the agency has come under attack. Critics, mainly from industry, said the rules could impose serious burdens on American consumers. Those critics claim that consumers will likely have to change their lifestyles if the areas

Pollution Of Air
Is the air that we are breathing killing us? In this speech you will learn all that you need to know about air pollution. First I will give you the.

they live in are to meet the tougher new air quality standards. At this point, I would like to propose a question: How will steps in the right direction (EPA setting new standards that will benefit society) be effective unless lifestyle changes are made? This is a perfect example of the Present Industrial Paradigm and the idea of Reductionism. The ethnic group most affected by the asthma epidemic is African- Americans. The inner cities of some

Air Pollution
INTRODUCTION Air Pollution, addition of harmful substances to the atmosphere resulting in damage to the environment, human health, and quality of life. One of many forms of pollution, air pollution.

of the largest metropolitan areas are predominantly African-American. Proper health care and the ability to afford such health care is a reason that children are dying of asthma. Ironically, at a news conference at the National Press Club in June 1997, leaders representing all minority groups said that they have told Clinton Administration officials in meetings that the EPA�s proposals to further control smog and fine particles will be so costly to implement, that

Air Pollution
Air Pollution Then the sky turned red, toxins over head, everybodies dead, everybodies dead. (GutterMouth ;Nitro Records ;1995) In 1948, the industrial town of Donora, Pennsylvania suffered 28 deaths.

billions of dollars now headed for investment in small business in America�s inner cities will be choked off. What then, is the price of human health and why do the people most affected by air pollution want to put off efforts to help correct the problem? Part 3: Actions taken at the meso level. The meso level, as discussed in this site, refers to that entity which is not as big as the EPA, but yet

Air Pollution
Air Pollution Then the sky turned red, toxins over head, everybodies dead, everybodies dead. (GutterMouth ;Nitro Records ;1995) In 1948, the industrial town of Donora, Pennsylvania suffered 28 deaths.

still holds more power than the individual. The business, as Paul Hawken suggests,

The rest of the paper is available free of charge to our registered users. The registration process just couldn't be easier. Log in or register now. It is all free!

More College Papers

Acid Rain essay
Acid Rain is a serious problem with disastrous effects. Every day this problem increases. Many believe that this issue is too small to deal with, but if the acid rain problem is not met with head on, the effects on people, plants, animals, and the economy will only worsen. In the following paragraph

Nature’S Smallest Syringe: essay
 Abstract/Keywords: Bacterial viruses play an important role in the development of molecular biology. Thousands of different phages have been isolated and almost every one is uniquely suited to the investigation of a different biochemical or genetic event. With the experiments of dR

Breastfeeding: What's In It For Mom? essay
By this time, everyone on the planet knows that breast milk is good for babies. But what's in it for Mom? As it turns out, plenty. The fact that breastfeeding is so good for mothers may be one of nature's best-kept secrets. Raging hormones are normal the first few weeks post-partum. During this ti