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Статья - Managed Care Essay Research Paper Chapter 3 - Иностранный язык

Managed Care Essay, Research Paper

Chapter 3: Types of Managed Care Organization

The distinction between health care providers and health care insurers have blurred substantially

10 Years ago managed care organizations were often referred to as alternative delivery systems

Managed care is now the dominant form of health insurance coverage in the United States

Managed care can mean managing the provider delivery system can be equivalent in its outcomes to managing the medical care delivered to the patient

Managed care may not perfectly describe this current generation of financing vehicles, it provides a convenient shorthand description for the range of alternatives to traditional indemnity health insurance

On one end of the continuum is managed indemnity with simple pre-certification of elective admission and large case management of catastrophic cases, superimposed on a traditional indemnity insurance plan

Further along the continuum are PPOs, POSs, open-panel [individual practice association (IPA) type] HMOs, and closed-panel (group and staff model) HMOs

TYPES OF MANAGED CARE ORGANIZATIONS AND COMMON ACRONYMS

HMOs are organized health care systems that are responsible for both the financing are the delivery of a broad range of comprehensive health services to an enrolled population

HMO health insurer and a health care delivery system

HMOs are responsible for providing health care services to their covered members through affiliated providers, who are reimbursed under various methods

HMOs must ensure that their members have access to covered health care services

HMOs generally are responsible for ensuring the quality and appropriateness of the health services they provide to their members

The five common models of HMOs are (1) staff, (2) group practice, (3) network, (4) IPA, and (5) direct contact

PPOs are entities through which employer health benefit plans and health insurance carriers contract to purchase health care services for covered beneficiaries from a selected group of participating providers

PPOs often limit the size of their participating provider panels and provide incentives for their covered individuals to use participating providers instead of other providers

In contrast to individuals with traditional HMO coverage individuals with PPO coverage are permitted to use non-PPO providers

PPOs sometimes are described as preferred provider arrangements (PPAs)

PPA is used to describe a less formal relationship than PPO

The term PPO implies that an organization exists, whereas a PPA may achieve the same goals as a PPO through an informal arrangement among providers and payers

Key common characteristics of a PPO include:

Select provider panel

Negotiated payment rates

Rapid payment terms

Exclusive Provider Organizations

Exclusive provider organizations (EPOs) limit their beneficiaries to participating providers for any health care services

The EPO generally does not cover services received from other providers, although their may be exceptions

EPOs, like HMOs, require exclusive use of the EPO provider network and also use a gatekeeper approach to authorizing non-primary care services

The difference between an HMO and an EPO is that the former is regulated by HMO laws and regulations, and the latter is regulated under insurance laws and regulations

Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974

EPOs usually are implemented by employers (b/c it?s cost efficient)

Hybrids of HMO and PPO models

Primary care physician are reimbursed through capitation payments (i.e. Fixed payment per member per month)

An amount is with held from physician compensation that is paid contingent upon achievement of utilization or cost targets

The primary care physician acts as a gatekeeper for referral and institutional medical services

The member retains some coverage for services rendered that either are not authorized by the primary care physician or are delivered by non-participating providers

Open Access or POS HMOs

Provides some level of indemnity-type coverage along with the HMO coverage

HMO members covered under these types of benefit plans may decide whether to use HMO benefits or indemnity-style benefits for each instance of care

The member is allowed to make coverage choice at the point of service when medical care is needed

Most POS plans experience between 65 percent and 85 percent in-network usage, thus retaining considerable cost control compared to indemnity-type plans

There are two primary ways form an HMO to offer POS option

1) Via a single HMO license

a. HMO provides the out-of-network benefit using its HMO license

2) Via a duel-license approach

a. The health plan uses an HMP license to provide the in-network care and an indemnity license to provide the out-of-network coverage

b. More flexible

Coverage under HMO POS plans recently has been the fastest growing segment of health insurance

Self-Insured and Experience-Rated HMOs

The federal HMO Act originally mandated community rating for all HMOs that decided to pursue federal qualification

Under a typical self-insured benefit option, an HMO receives a fixed monthly payment to cover administrative services (and profit) and variable payment that are based on the actual payments made by the HMO for health services

Under experience-rated benefit options, an HMO receives monthly premium payments much as it would under traditional premium based plans

The HMO regulations of some states and federal HMO qualification regulations preclude HMOs from offering self-insured or experience rated benefit plans

Specialty HMOs serving other health care needs (e.g. mental health) have also developed in certain stated where they are permitted under the insurance or HMO laws and regulation

Managed Care Overlays to Indemnity Insurance

Managed care overlays have developed that can be combined with traditional indemnity insurance, service plan insurance, or self-insurance

The term indemnity insurance is used to refer to all three forms of coverage in this context

The following types of managed care overlays currently exist

General utilization management? complete menu of utilization management activities selected by individual employer or insurers

Specialty Utilization management

Catastrophic or large case management? (regardless of specialty involved)

Workers? compensation utilization management? to address the unique needs of patients covered under workers? compensation benefits

Physician-hospital organization (PHOs) are organizations that generally are jointly owned and operated by hospitals and their affiliated physicians

A vehicle for hospitals and physicians to contract together with other managed care organizations to provide both physician and hospital service

Physicians and one or more hospitals are shareholders or members

PHOs can offer several advantages for providers who develop them

They may increase the negotiating clout of their individual members with managed care organizations

They provide a vehicle for physicians and hospital to establish reimbursement and risk-sharing approaches that align incentives among all providers

They can serve as a clearinghouse for certain administrative activities, including credentialing and utilization management, thereby reducing the administrative burden on their individual physician and hospital members

They provide an organized approach for physicians and hospitals to work together on managed care issues, including utilization management and quality improvement

PHOs may also offer advantages to some managed care organizations:

PHOs can provide a means of rapidly establishing a panel of participating physicians and hospitals

PHOs can provide a means of reducing operating costs

The lack of success of PHOs are:

PHOs offer little or no benefit for enrolling large panels of participating physicians and hospitals

PHOs, as of right now, don?t assume financial risk for delivering health services by accepting capitation-based payments

The five commonly recognized models of HMO?s are:

5) Direct contact

The major differences among these models pertain to the relationship between the JHMO and its participating physicians

Many HMOs cannot easily be classified as a single model type, although such plans are occasionally referred to as mixed models

In a staff model HMO, the physicians who serve the HMO?s covered beneficiaries are employed by the HMO

Physicians are usually paid on a salary basis and may also receive bonus or incentive payments that are based on their performance and productivity

Staff model HMOs must employ physicians in all the common specialties to provide for the health care needs of their members

Staff model HMOs are also known as closed panel HMOs because most participating physicians are employees of the HMO, and community physicians are unable to participate

Physicians in staff model HMOs usually practice in one or more centralized ambulatory care facilities

Staff model HMOs usually contract with hospitals or inpatient facilities in the community to provide non-physician services for their members

They have a greater degree of control over their practice patterns of their physicians

Also offer the convenience of one-stop shopping for their members because the HMO?s facilities tend to be full service

Disadvantages of the staff model:

More costly to develop and implement because of the small membership and the large fixed salary expenses that the HMO must incur for staff physicians and support staff

Provide a limited choice of participating physicians for potential HMO members

Productivity problems with their staff physicians? raising costs for providing care

Expensive to expand services into new areas

The HMO contracts with a multi-specialty physician group practice to provide all physician services to the HMO?s members.

Physicians in the group practice are employees by the group practice (not by the HMO)

Physicians in a group practice share facilities, equipment, medical record, and support staff

The physician group practice exists solely to provide services to the HMO?s beneficiaries

I.e. Kaiser Foundation Health Plan

The HMO contracts with an existing, independent, multi-specialty physician services to its members

I.e. Geisinger Health Plan

Continues to provide services to non-HMO patients while is participates in the HMO

Common Features of Group Models

Both types of group model HMOs are also referred to as closed-panel HMOs because physicians must be members of the group practice to participate in the HMO

Group practice HMOs may have lower capital needs than staff model HMOs

Limited choice of participating physicians from which potential HMO members can select

Limited number of office locations for the participating medical groups

Restricts the geographic accessibility of physician for the HMO?s members

Certain group practices may be perceived by some potential HMO members as offering an undesirable clinic setting

In network model HMOs, the HMO contracts with more than one group practice to provide physician services to the HMO?s members

The HMO compensates groups on an all-inclusive physician capitation basis

The group is responsible for providing all physician services to the HMO?s members assigned to the group and may refer to other physicians as necessary

Network modeled may be either closed- or open-panel

Only contracts with a limiter number of existing group practices

Participation in the group practices will be open to any physician who meets the HMO?s and group?s credentials criteria

Broader physician participation that?s usually identified with network model HMOs helps overcome the marketing disadvantage associated with the closed panel staff and group model plans

This model usually have more limited physician participation than either IPA model or direct contract model plans

IPA Model (Individual Practice Association)

IPA model HMOs contract with an association of physicians? the IPA? to provide physician services to their members

IPA physicians continue to see their non-member HMO patients and maintain their own offices, medical records, and support staff

IPA model HMOs are open-panel plans because participation is open to all community physicians who meet the HMO?s and IPA?s selection criteria

Broad physician participation can help make the IPA model HMO more attractive to potential HMO members

Methods IPA model HMO establishes relationships with their IPAs:

HMO contracts with IPA that has been independently established by community physicians

These types of IPAs often have contracts with more than one HMO on a nonexclusive basis

The HMO works with community physicians to create an IPA and to recruit physicians to participate in it

The HMO contract is usually on an exclusive basis because of the HMO?s leading role in forming IPA

Most HMOs compensate their IPAs on an all-inclusive physician capitation basis to provide services to the HMO?s members

The IPA then compensates its participation physicians on either a fee-for-service basis or a combination of fee-for-service and primary care capitation

IPA model HMOs overcome all the disadvantages associated with staff, group, and network model HMOs

They require less capital to establish and operate

Provide a broad choice of participating physicians who practice in their private offices

Two major disadvantages from an HMOs perspective:

1) The development of an IPA creates an organized forum for physicians to negotiate and contract directly with managed care plans

a. Individual members of an IPA retain their ability to negotiate and contract directly with managed care plans

b. IPA are immune from antitrust restrictions on group activities

2) The process of utilization management is more difficult in an IPA model HMO than it is in staff and group model plans

a. Because physicians remain individual practitioners with little sense of being a part of the HMO

Direct Contact Model

Direct contact model HMOs contract daily with individual physicians to provide physician services to their members

I.e. U.S. Healthcare and its subsidiary HMOs

Attempt to recruit broad panels of community physicians to provide physician services as participating providers

A.K.A. gatekeeper systems

Compensate their physicians on either a fee-for-service basis or a primary care capitation basis

Direct model HMOs eliminate the potential of a physician bargaining unit by contracting directly with individual physicians

HMO may assume additional financial risk for physician services relative to an IPA model HMO

This is expensive

Difficult and time consuming for a direct contract model HMO to recruit physicians because it lack the physician leadership inherent in an IP

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SSM3K303T 参数- MOSFET-场效应晶体管datasheet-PDF中文资料大全

SSM3K303T 参数-MOSFET-场效应晶体管datasheet-PDF SSM3K303T PDF doc:

SSM3K303T TOSHIBA Field Effect Transistor Silicon N Channel MOS Type SSM3K303T High Speed Switching Applications Unit: mm � 4 V drive � Low ON-resistance: Ron = 120 m? (max) (@VGS = 4V) Ron = 83 m? (max) (@VGS = 10V) Absolute Maximum Ratings (Ta = 25�C) Characteristic Symbol Rating Unit Drain�source voltage VDS 30 V Gate�source voltage VGSS � 20 V DC ID 2.9 Drain current A

SSM3K302T TOSHIBA Field Effect Transistor Silicon N Channel MOS Type SSM3K302T Power Management Switch Applications Unit: mm High Speed Switching Applications � 1.8 V drive � Low ON-resistance: Ron = 131 m? (max) (@VGS = 1.8V) Ron = 87m? (max) (@VGS = 2.5V) Ron = 71 m? (max) (@VGS = 4.0V) Absolute Maximum Ratings (Ta = 25�C) Characteristic Symbol Rating Unit Drain�source vol

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SSM3K301T TOSHIBA Field Effect Transistor Silicon N-Channel MOS Type SSM3K301T Power Management Switch Applications Unit: mm High-Speed Switching Applications Unit: mm � 1.8 V drive � Low ON-resistance: Ron = 110 m? (max) (@VGS = 1.8 V) Ron = 74 m? (max) (@VGS = 2.5 V) Ron = 56 m? (max) (@VGS = 4.0 V) Absolute Maximum Ratings (Ta = 25�C) Characteristics Symbol Rating Unit D

YAMAHA Keyboard - Music Finder File Manager

The Unofficial YAMAHA Keyboard Resource Site

You have not enabled JavaScript in your browser.
Therefore you can only navigate using the Site Map .

Music Finder File Manager

Music Finder File Manager is a software program for managing records in the Music Finder Files for Yamaha keyboards.

The program can be used for creating, updating, and sorting records in Music Finder Files. Furthermore two files can be merged; and duplicate records can be deleted.

Data records can be read from and saved in Yamaha format files or tabulator delimited files.

NOTE:
This version does not support editing of Links to MIDI or Audio files in the Music Finder Data file.
However any existing links to these will remain untouched.
(Links to MIDI and Audio files in the Music Finder is a new feature added in Tyros 4)

HELP:
This program is yet not compatible with PSR S670; CVP 601; CVP 509; PSR A2000; PSR OR700; PSR S650 and PSR S550. I need help to reveal the secret internal data from users of these models. More information .

Managed Care Essay Research Paper Chapter 3

Managed Care Essay Research Paper Chapter 3

Managed Care Essay, Research Paper

Chapter 3: Types of Managed Care Organization

The distinction between health care providers and health care insurers have blurred substantially

10 Years ago managed care organizations were often referred to as alternative delivery systems

Managed care is now the dominant form of health insurance coverage in the United States

Managed care can mean managing the provider delivery system can be equivalent in its outcomes to managing the medical care delivered to the patient

Managed care may not perfectly describe this current generation of financing vehicles, it provides a convenient shorthand description for the range of alternatives to traditional indemnity health insurance

On one end of the continuum is managed indemnity with simple pre-certification of elective admission and large case management of catastrophic cases, superimposed on a traditional indemnity insurance plan

Further along the continuum are PPOs, POSs, open-panel [individual practice association (IPA) type] HMOs, and closed-panel (group and staff model) HMOs

TYPES OF MANAGED CARE ORGANIZATIONS AND COMMON ACRONYMS

HMOs are organized health care systems that are responsible for both the financing are the delivery of a broad range of comprehensive health services to an enrolled population

HMO health insurer and a health care delivery system

HMOs are responsible for providing health care services to their covered members through affiliated providers, who are reimbursed under various methods

HMOs must ensure that their members have access to covered health care services

HMOs generally are responsible for ensuring the quality and appropriateness of the health services they provide to their members

The five common models of HMOs are (1) staff, (2) group practice, (3) network, (4) IPA, and (5) direct contact

PPOs are entities through which employer health benefit plans and health insurance carriers contract to purchase health care services for covered beneficiaries from a selected group of participating providers

PPOs often limit the size of their participating provider panels and provide incentives for their covered individuals to use participating providers instead of other providers

In contrast to individuals with traditional HMO coverage individuals with PPO coverage are permitted to use non-PPO providers

PPOs sometimes are described as preferred provider arrangements (PPAs)

PPA is used to describe a less formal relationship than PPO

The term PPO implies that an organization exists, whereas a PPA may achieve the same goals as a PPO through an informal arrangement among providers and payers

Key common characteristics of a PPO include:

Select provider panel

Negotiated payment rates

Rapid payment terms

Exclusive Provider Organizations

Exclusive provider organizations (EPOs) limit their beneficiaries to participating providers for any health care services

The EPO generally does not cover services received from other providers, although their may be exceptions

EPOs, like HMOs, require exclusive use of the EPO provider network and also use a gatekeeper approach to authorizing non-primary care services

The difference between an HMO and an EPO is that the former is regulated by HMO laws and regulations, and the latter is regulated under insurance laws and regulations

Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974

EPOs usually are implemented by employers (b/c it?s cost efficient)

Hybrids of HMO and PPO models

Primary care physician are reimbursed through capitation payments (i.e. Fixed payment per member per month)

An amount is with held from physician compensation that is paid contingent upon achievement of utilization or cost targets

The primary care physician acts as a gatekeeper for referral and institutional medical services

The member retains some coverage for services rendered that either are not authorized by the primary care physician or are delivered by non-participating providers

Open Access or POS HMOs

Provides some level of indemnity-type coverage along with the HMO coverage

HMO members covered under these types of benefit plans may decide whether to use HMO benefits or indemnity-style benefits for each instance of care

The member is allowed to make coverage choice at the point of service when medical care is needed

Most POS plans experience between 65 percent and 85 percent in-network usage, thus retaining considerable cost control compared to indemnity-type plans

There are two primary ways form an HMO to offer POS option

1) Via a single HMO license

a. HMO provides the out-of-network benefit using its HMO license

2) Via a duel-license approach

a. The health plan uses an HMP license to provide the in-network care and an indemnity license to provide the out-of-network coverage

b. More flexible

Coverage under HMO POS plans recently has been the fastest growing segment of health insurance

Self-Insured and Experience-Rated HMOs

The federal HMO Act originally mandated community rating for all HMOs that decided to pursue federal qualification

Under a typical self-insured benefit option, an HMO receives a fixed monthly payment to cover administrative services (and profit) and variable payment that are based on the actual payments made by the HMO for health services

Under experience-rated benefit options, an HMO receives monthly premium payments much as it would under traditional premium based plans

The HMO regulations of some states and federal HMO qualification regulations preclude HMOs from offering self-insured or experience rated benefit plans

Specialty HMOs serving other health care needs (e.g. mental health) have also developed in certain stated where they are permitted under the insurance or HMO laws and regulation

Managed Care Overlays to Indemnity Insurance

Managed care overlays have developed that can be combined with traditional indemnity insurance, service plan insurance, or self-insurance

The term indemnity insurance is used to refer to all three forms of coverage in this context

The following types of managed care overlays currently exist

General utilization management. complete menu of utilization management activities selected by individual employer or insurers

Specialty Utilization management

Catastrophic or large case management. (regardless of specialty involved)

Workers? compensation utilization management. to address the unique needs of patients covered under workers? compensation benefits

Physician-hospital organization (PHOs) are organizations that generally are jointly owned and operated by hospitals and their affiliated physicians

A vehicle for hospitals and physicians to contract together with other managed care organizations to provide both physician and hospital service

Physicians and one or more hospitals are shareholders or members

PHOs can offer several advantages for providers who develop them

They may increase the negotiating clout of their individual members with managed care organizations

They provide a vehicle for physicians and hospital to establish reimbursement and risk-sharing approaches that align incentives among all providers

They can serve as a clearinghouse for certain administrative activities, including credentialing and utilization management, thereby reducing the administrative burden on their individual physician and hospital members

They provide an organized approach for physicians and hospitals to work together on managed care issues, including utilization management and quality improvement

PHOs may also offer advantages to some managed care organizations:

PHOs can provide a means of rapidly establishing a panel of participating physicians and hospitals

PHOs can provide a means of reducing operating costs

The lack of success of PHOs are:

PHOs offer little or no benefit for enrolling large panels of participating physicians and hospitals

PHOs, as of right now, don?t assume financial risk for delivering health services by accepting capitation-based payments

The five commonly recognized models of HMO?s are:

5) Direct contact

The major differences among these models pertain to the relationship between the JHMO and its participating physicians

Many HMOs cannot easily be classified as a single model type, although such plans are occasionally referred to as mixed models

In a staff model HMO, the physicians who serve the HMO?s covered beneficiaries are employed by the HMO

Physicians are usually paid on a salary basis and may also receive bonus or incentive payments that are based on their performance and productivity

Staff model HMOs must employ physicians in all the common specialties to provide for the health care needs of their members

Staff model HMOs are also known as closed panel HMOs because most participating physicians are employees of the HMO, and community physicians are unable to participate

Physicians in staff model HMOs usually practice in one or more centralized ambulatory care facilities

Staff model HMOs usually contract with hospitals or inpatient facilities in the community to provide non-physician services for their members

They have a greater degree of control over their practice patterns of their physicians

Also offer the convenience of one-stop shopping for their members because the HMO?s facilities tend to be full service

Disadvantages of the staff model:

More costly to develop and implement because of the small membership and the large fixed salary expenses that the HMO must incur for staff physicians and support staff

Provide a limited choice of participating physicians for potential HMO members

Productivity problems with their staff physicians. raising costs for providing care

Expensive to expand services into new areas

The HMO contracts with a multi-specialty physician group practice to provide all physician services to the HMO?s members.

Physicians in the group practice are employees by the group practice (not by the HMO)

Physicians in a group practice share facilities, equipment, medical record, and support staff

The physician group practice exists solely to provide services to the HMO?s beneficiaries

I.e. Kaiser Foundation Health Plan

The HMO contracts with an existing, independent, multi-specialty physician services to its members

I.e. Geisinger Health Plan

Continues to provide services to non-HMO patients while is participates in the HMO

Common Features of Group Models

Both types of group model HMOs are also referred to as closed-panel HMOs because physicians must be members of the group practice to participate in the HMO

Group practice HMOs may have lower capital needs than staff model HMOs

Limited choice of participating physicians from which potential HMO members can select

Limited number of office locations for the participating medical groups

Restricts the geographic accessibility of physician for the HMO?s members

Certain group practices may be perceived by some potential HMO members as offering an undesirable clinic setting

In network model HMOs, the HMO contracts with more than one group practice to provide physician services to the HMO?s members

The HMO compensates groups on an all-inclusive physician capitation basis

The group is responsible for providing all physician services to the HMO?s members assigned to the group and may refer to other physicians as necessary

Network modeled may be either closed- or open-panel

Only contracts with a limiter number of existing group practices

Participation in the group practices will be open to any physician who meets the HMO?s and group?s credentials criteria

Broader physician participation that?s usually identified with network model HMOs helps overcome the marketing disadvantage associated with the closed panel staff and group model plans

This model usually have more limited physician participation than either IPA model or direct contract model plans

IPA Model (Individual Practice Association)

IPA model HMOs contract with an association of physicians. the IPA. to provide physician services to their members

IPA physicians continue to see their non-member HMO patients and maintain their own offices, medical records, and support staff

IPA model HMOs are open-panel plans because participation is open to all community physicians who meet the HMO?s and IPA?s selection criteria

Broad physician participation can help make the IPA model HMO more attractive to potential HMO members

Methods IPA model HMO establishes relationships with their IPAs:

HMO contracts with IPA that has been independently established by community physicians

These types of IPAs often have contracts with more than one HMO on a nonexclusive basis

The HMO works with community physicians to create an IPA and to recruit physicians to participate in it

The HMO contract is usually on an exclusive basis because of the HMO?s leading role in forming IPA

Most HMOs compensate their IPAs on an all-inclusive physician capitation basis to provide services to the HMO?s members

The IPA then compensates its participation physicians on either a fee-for-service basis or a combination of fee-for-service and primary care capitation

IPA model HMOs overcome all the disadvantages associated with staff, group, and network model HMOs

They require less capital to establish and operate

Provide a broad choice of participating physicians who practice in their private offices

Two major disadvantages from an HMOs perspective:

1) The development of an IPA creates an organized forum for physicians to negotiate and contract directly with managed care plans

a. Individual members of an IPA retain their ability to negotiate and contract directly with managed care plans

b. IPA are immune from antitrust restrictions on group activities

2) The process of utilization management is more difficult in an IPA model HMO than it is in staff and group model plans

a. Because physicians remain individual practitioners with little sense of being a part of the HMO

Direct Contact Model

Direct contact model HMOs contract daily with individual physicians to provide physician services to their members

I.e. U.S. Healthcare and its subsidiary HMOs

Attempt to recruit broad panels of community physicians to provide physician services as participating providers

A.K.A. gatekeeper systems

Compensate their physicians on either a fee-for-service basis or a primary care capitation basis

Direct model HMOs eliminate the potential of a physician bargaining unit by contracting directly with individual physicians

HMO may assume additional financial risk for physician services relative to an IPA model HMO

This is expensive

Difficult and time consuming for a direct contract model HMO to recruit physicians because it lack the physician leadership inherent in an IP

K303 Managing care - TMAs, ECAs, Assignments - Essays

K303 Managing care

Question: Drawing from the course materials, discuss one challenge and one opportunity presented to a person who takes on the role of frontline manager in a health or social care service. TMA 01

Challenge - Staff absenteeism
Opportunity - Communication skills

Answer: Throughout this assignment the author will discuss one challenge and one opportunity presented to a person who takes on the role of.


Read more of the answer →

  • Subject: Managing care
  • Course: K303
  • Level: Degree
  • Year: 2nd/3rd
  • Mark: Not available
  • Words: 1370
  • Date submitted: January 13, 2012
  • Date written: January, 2009
  • References: Yes
  • Document type: Essay*
  • Essay ID: 3962

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K303 managing care essays on music

About us

Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd. was incorporated on 15th september 2000. It took over the business of providing of telecom services and network management from the erstwhile Central Government Departments of Telecom Services (DTS) and Telecom Operations (DTO), with effect from 1st October' 2000 on going concern basis.It is one of the largest & leading public sector units providing comprehensive range of telecom services in India.

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Customer Care Landline / Broadband GSM Postpaid / Prepaid WLL / CDMA BSNL in News 08 September 2015

The Hindu- BSNL eyes Rs.42,000 crore revenue by 2018-19 for turnaround.
The Tribune- BSNL to offer minimum broadband speed of 2mbps from 1st October.

07 September 2015

The Pioneer- MTNL,BSNL to merge in Dec,get new avtar from FY 2016.

Add your music with Google Play Music Manager - Google Play Help

We apologize for any inconvenience you are experiencing with Pokémon Go. Please contact the developer Niantic with any issues. Google Play support agents are unable to resolve this issue at this time.

Add your music with Google Play Music Manager

Use Music Manager to upload your favorite songs from your computer to your Google Play library. You can upload up to 50,000 songs and listen on your mobile device, computer, or Android TV.

Note: If you're using Chrome, try uploading your music with Google Play Music for Chrome instead of Music Manager.

Download and install Music Manager Set up Music Manager
  1. Open Music Manager from your Applications folder (Mac) or from the Start menu (Windows).
  2. Sign in to your Google account.
  3. Select the location of your music collection.
  4. Follow the on-screen setup instructions.
Uploading music
  1. Select the Music Manager icon . You'll find this at the bottom right of your screen (Windows) or the menu bar in the upper right corner (Mac).
  2. Select Preferences
  3. In the "Upload" tab, click Add folder to browse and select a folder you would like to upload music from.
  4. Click Upload .

You can only upload one type of music collection at a time (iTunes, or Windows Media Player, or folders). To change this:

  1. Select the Music Manager icon . You'll find this at the bottom right of your screen (Windows) or the menu bar in the upper right corner (Mac).
  2. Select Preferences > Advanced > Change .
  3. Select the location of your music collection.
  4. Follow the on-screen instructions.

If you have Windows Media Player or iTunes selected as your music location, you can upload specific playlists from your library.

  1. Select the Music Manager icon . You'll find this at the bottom right of your screen (Windows) or the menu bar in the upper right corner (Mac).
  1. Select Preferences > Upload > Choose by playlist .
  2. Check the box next to the playlist you want to upload.
  3. Select Upload .

Note: Keep in mind deleting your playlist in iTunes will also remove the playlist from Google Play.

To adjust the bandwidth available for uploading songs to Google Play:

  1. Select the Music Manager icon . You'll find this at the bottom right of your screen (Windows) or the menu bar in the upper right corner (Mac).
  2. Select Preferences > Advanced .
  3. Select your desired bandwidth. Faster bandwidth speeds will help your library be uploaded more quickly.
  4. Select Apply .

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