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Scholarship Application Essay Tips For Examination

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Study - Scholarships: What You Must Do For Successful Scholarship Applications

General Success Tips for Scholarship Applicants

The number of applicants seeking some form of financial aid on the international level has witnessed a steep increase in the last few years. For any scholarship opening that is called, scholarship grantors and providers receive hundreds of thousands, and in many cases millions, of applications.

In view of huge cost implications for both grantors and applicants, formal interviews or personal discussions become 'near-impossible'. With this one all-important fact in mind, it becomes extremely important that your application MUST STAND OUT from the mammoth crowd in an exceptional way to get selected for the next stage of the scholarship selection process.

In addition to a previous article on Tips for Study Overseas. we now provide a deeper insight into how to apply successfully for the various, but extremely limited, scholarships available.

A). First and Foremost - Be careful but proactive!

Watch out for scholarship scams
Students and parents are defrauded by scholarship scams every year. The golden rule is 'Never pay for a scholarship search.' There is never a good reason to pay for a scholarship search . The information you will need is ALWAYS available for free.

Get complete scholarship information
Each scholarship has its own application procedure. It is important toread the materials carefully and to understand what information is requested. Make sure you get as much information about the scholarship as possible.

If necessary, write, call or e-mail the provider to ensure you have full details of application procedures and what will be expected of the applicants. If scholarship entails a particular project, find out the full objectives and intended methodology of the project. If it is funded by a private enterprise, gather as much information as you can about the company, its philosophy and its goals. You can never have too much information.

Make sure you are eligible
Apply only for those scholarships for which you are eligible. It is highly doubtful that you will be awarded if you are not eligible for a scholarship. Check thoroughly to ensure that you are actually eligible for the scholarship before you embark on the application process.

It is pointless to submit an application, no matter how perfect it may be, for a scholarship for which you are ineligible. Check for any gender, age, nationality, indigenous or other special group restrictions on applications and only apply if you definitely match the eligibility criteria. If in doubt, check first.

B). Core facts before and during scholarship applications

People who will judge your application do not know you.
They will just get a bunch of dates and numbers and little personal information. Even grades might be difficult to judge if they do not know how yours compare to those of students in their local education system. Therefore, try to make as much of the more “personal” information as possible including your academic transcripts (but quality counts more, not quantity!).

Take time to write about “research experience” and “scientific interests.
Provide adequate reasoning as to why you want to study a particular course and state your motivation in your own words. Marketing yourself is the key for a successful application.

Watch it. do not overdo it!
It is interesting to see applications from potential Nobel-prize candidates wishing to start a Masters /PhD thesis, but not even big leaders will buy this. After all, people don’t expect you to know everything before you have even started your PhD. What most group leaders are looking for are smart and open young people who show some enthusiasm for science and research or any other area you are applying for scholarships.

Support applications with scores of standard internationally valid exams
This is especially true if you are applying from a country whose diverse educational system might not be very familiar to group leaders (e.g. China, India, Africa, etc).

Though this may NOT be mandatory in all cases, we encourage you to support your candidature with scores of internationally recognized and valid exams (for example, GRE for aptitude and TOEFL or IELTS for English). Again, this is NOT mandatory in all cases.

C). Prepare resume / CV

Some scholarship applications ask for your resume or CV. If you worked previously list your experiences, but do not sweat if you do not have much (or any!) work experience - many students don’t. If you do have, use it to point out awards and honors you’ve received, community service you’ve been involved with, and activities you’ve participated in.

Activities and Honors
List all relevant activities and honors, but be selective. If you have more activities than can fit in the space provided do not include the ones that are not significant; the two days you spent last year on a community clean-up day, for instance may not be significant.

What do the grantors want?
This is extremely important! What do the scholarship grantors require in an applicant?

Read the eligibility and criteria for selection carefully to understand what the reviewers are looking for. For instance, unlike the Nigerian Presidential Special Scholarship Scheme (PRESSID) which mostly looks for applicants who “have obtained First Class Honours degree from any recognized and approved university”; the Canadian International Leader of Tomorrow (ILOT) Scholarships seek applicants who not only demonstrate "exceptional level of academic achievement" but also show “superior extracurricular achievement and leadership ability,” so for this latter scholarship include your volunteer and community service activities, emphasizing those in which you took a leadership role. In the former, these are NOT important.

Most importantly, your activities should represent your varied talents and passions outside the class room. The reviewers are trying to get a sense of who you are and what you believe in. Make sure your activities reflect that.

Carefully choose your referees.
Make sure the referee/s know/s you well enough (e.g. from undergraduate work in his lab, multiple lectures, seminars, etc.) to give an opinion about you and write something on your behalf. This may be better than trying to get a letter from a “big fish” who might have seen your face but does not know much about you and thus does not need to have an interest in providing you with a good reference.

D). The ideal letter of recommendation

Your letters of recommendations should come from teachers or academic advisors who are familiar not only with your academic abilities, but with your personal interests and background and how those relate to your ability to carry out the program of study you wish to pursue. If the teacher or academic advisor is familiar with your extracurricular activities and leadership abilities, he/she should also incorporate that into the letter.

The letters should address the qualifications sought. Recommenders should address only those elements of your application on which they can comment on confidently.

How to ask for a letter of recommendation
Start early. Discuss your plans with your recommenders now, before the application is even available. Let them know what you would like to study and why you want to apply for the scholarship. These discussions can help you clarify your goals and plans as well.

As soon as you have the application forms (applications for incoming freshmen scholarships are usually available on the websites of individual schools or other scholarship awarding body), schedule a meeting with your recommender.

Give your recommender a written description of the scholarship and a copy of your personal statement and proposed academic program. You may also want to provide a copy of your transcript and an autobiography or resume highlighting activities and honors. You should also give your recommenders appropriately addressed envelopes with postage, if necessary.

Be sure to also give them plenty of time to write the letter, do not wait until the last minute.

You may also want to remind the recommender that they should include your FULL NAME with middle initial. You would be surprised on how many include only the first name of the student within the body of the letter.

E). The personal statement / statement of purpose

The Statement of Purpose (often called “letter of intent” or “application essay” by various educational institutions) is one of the most important components of your application process. This document provides the admissions committee with information that allows them to become more acquainted with who you are, what you want to study at graduate school and why, experiences you have had in the field, and what you plan on doing with the degree once you have mastered it. A statement of Purpose also serves as a writing sample and interview.

The following section is an excerpt from the Yale University Undergraduate career Services’ publication entitled Applying for Fellowships :
“The personal statement presents an opportunity for you to speak about yourself. Your essay should show that you have ideas and opinions, are able to think logically, and can express yourself clearly, with economy and elegance.

Clear writing is the result of clear thinking. The first and most important task is to decide what you want to say. This is a short essay. You must be highly selective. Consider carefully what you wish to impress upon the reader. Remember the nature of your audience. It is composed of people who are probably as intelligent as you are, well educated, and vastly experienced in this work. Do not try to fool or second guess your reader; you will seem silly if you do. Do not write in a cute, coy, or gimmicky style: selection committees have heard it all already. Do show that you have thought deeply and broadly about what you have learned in your academic career and what you hope to learn next.

When you have written a first draft, start the work of refining, simplifying, and polishing. Do you say exactly what you mean? Is any section, sentence, or word superfluous, ambiguous, or awkward?

Are your verbs strong and active? Have you removed unneeded qualifiers? Are you sure that each accomplishment and interest you mention supports one of your main ideas? Do not apologize. Do not misrepresent yourself. You are writing as an adult who wishes to join the community of scholars and other professionals. You must write as a peer and potential member of such a community.

Correctness and style are vital. Neatness counts. Check and check again your spelling, the agreement of verbs and persons, syntax. Your thoroughness demonstrates that you have learned and mastered this art and that your future teachers and colleagues will not be troubled with sloppy thinking or writing.

Ask several individuals whose judgment you respect to read and criticize a draft of your essay. Possible reviewers include faculty members, writing tutors, and friends who can assess how well your essay represents you.”

F). Transcripts

If the application requires a transcript from all the schools you have attended, request this information as soon and as early as possible. Whether you e-mail, fax, or call in your requests, mail a letter as a backup.

Some schools charge a nominal fee for official transcripts. After a few weeks have passed, call the schools to ensure that the transcripts have been sent to the proper address. If by chance you have to hand-deliver a transcript, do not tamper with the seal - this may render the transcript invalid.

G). Proof-read your application carefully

Use your computer’s spelling and grammar check features. Let someone else (a parent, teacher, or friend) read and evaluate your application, another set of eyes always helps.

H). Finally, on that your dream scholarship.

With the current 'sea' of applications currently witnessed with each scholarship call, no scholarship can be gotten by any applicant who simply and lackadaisically submits an application lightly. The stakes are simply too high for that.

If you've taken your time, and following the steps above, painstakingly gone through every important detail to apply to that dream scholarship of yours, then chances are you stand a very high possibility of being awarded it successfully. Goodluck in your pursuits.

Article written and published on Study & Scholarships 10th June, 2009.
Rewritten 25th October 2013. All rights reserved. Do not copy.

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TIPS ON HOW TO GET, SCHOLARSHIP ABROAD

Want to learn how to get scholarships? Step right up. I have 6 tips for you to move your search into high gear and get the money for college you need. And at the end, I can boil it down to one thing to do. Read on.

1. Find Scholarships

I was going to write my own how to get scholarships guidebook, like my Grants ebook. Then I realized, that could take months. Also, grant programs usually come from a government agency. It’s not the same with college scholarships. Plenty of organizations set up a scholarships and give them out, all over the US. If you want to learn how to get scholarships, first start looking for programs.
I found a link to site with free, no registration required college scholarship searches for tons of great awards. Click that link to get more information on what the search brings back.
Look at my scholarship sources page for a dozen easy and unusual places to look for money for college, for tuition and more. And for a few more ideas on where to find awards, look at my free scholarship information page. And for 3 easy strategies, see my undergraduate scholarship page. Also, the Robert Byrd Scholarship offers many awards each year. It's worth looking into for your financial aid.

2. Develop Your Application Skills

In other words, write great essays. Take a look at my college scholarship essay page for 6 simple steps to writing a better essay. You will have to write a couple of essays to get a scholarship, and you can reuse your essays. But here lies the problem. If you reuse a lousy essay, you hurt your chances.Spend time writing a good one. A good one must at least be grammatically correct, and make sense. You’ll write these several times, or maybe you can provide a typed one, meaning you can print it out. Make sure whatever you use matches the topic on the application. When you finish the essay, have others, especially teachers or writers, proofread it and give you suggestions.
After several, you will improve and you will have a better group of essays to choose from and use. You can think of how to get a scholarship like anything else: perfect practice makes perfect. I can’t remember who said that, but it’s true. Harvey Mackay comes to mind.

3. Choose and Prepare Your Scholarship References

Many applications will have you provide references. No problem. You can use your favorite teacher in high school or your undergrad work. You can use a boss from a previous job, your pastor or church leader, or a volunteer work supervisor. Even a long time family friend is sometimes appropriate. These references should have a copy of your resume and at least a basic understanding of who you are, what you want to do and what you are good at. If you follow my suggestions, you will see below that how to get scholarships includes you applying for many. That means you’ll want to keep things general for your references, not complex. You don’t really need to get a separate set of references for each application – soon you’d need dozens.
Click here to see a terrible scholarship letter of recommendation to learn what not to do. I also have a page with 10 keys to a great letter of recommendation .

4. Prepare Yourself: Do 3 Things

I once listened to a speech by John Gatto, a famous teacher turned writer. He explained that he revolutionized his high school teaching when he interviewed educators at the best universities and prep schools to find out what they taught and what they looked for in their student applications. He said he found that they wanted to see three things, and these three will help you to learn how to get scholarships: - A team activity, to show that you can work with a team. Football, debate, etc.
- An individual sport or activity, like knitting, hog raising, chess, track and so on. This shows you can think on your feet.
- One step beyond, an activity not at school that shows initiative and some level of daring. Participating in speech competitions because you want to, mountain climbing, perhaps beauty or talent contests, and the like.
One important note: Don’t let this keep you from applying. If you can broaden your perspectives, do it when you can. If you don’t have the above three, don’t worry, just move on to number 5 and get going. Plenty of people have learned how to get scholarships and gone without these three, and won lots of money.

One more thing: your entrance exam
Your entrance exam can help you get more scholarship money. I have outlined several steps to improve your score on my ACT college entrance exam page. Improve your score, get more money.

5. Get Your Pen Moving: Apply for Scholarships

Next, and this is critical, apply. Apply early, apply to any you remotely qualify for. Remember, the people you apply to can only award you a scholarship if you apply. If you don’t, they can’t. And in fact, many scholarships, up to $100,000,000 worth per year – yes, 9 zeros, one hundred million dollars worth of financial aid, goes unawarded. And that happens mainly for lack of applicants. Also, watch out for paid scholarship applications. You don’t need to apply for scholarships that cost money, and some are scams. Scholarships are donated money, so why ask you to pay to get it?
For more information, I have a page about free scholarship applications and when to make an exception. Also, I include a brief list of scholarship scams to avoid.
If you have a unique talent or hobby, take a look at my weird scholarships page for ideas on how to find out of the ordinary awards.

6. Apply To As Many As Possible

Sorry to shout, but this is absolutely paramount to how to get scholarships. Get a guide, do a search, use my free grant ebook (I have several scholarships in it as well) and start applying. And next year, do it again. Keep applying.
In college, I applied for and received a 2 year scholarship with the Army ROTC. I later decided I didn’t want to be in the Army, and didn’t accept the money. The point, I applied and won it. Later, I got a scholarship for much of my graduate degree.
To learn more about how to get scholarships, read the 7 types of college scholarship money and how to use them.

Tips for Formatting Scholarship Application Essays

Tips for Formatting Scholarship Application Essays When writing a personal essay, ensure it is properly formatted. Scholarship committees critique essay content, format, and style. Many committee members will review the format before reading the essay. Since poorly formatted essays can raise red flags, format your essay professionally. Scholarship Essay Formatting Tips:
  • It's essential to format the essay as outlined in the scholarship application instructions.
  • Once you have finished and edited the essay, print it on quality paper. Many students submit essays printed on standard paper, so submitted essays on quality paper stand out.

  • Write your essay utilizing a professional and legible font. Never use script font. The following fonts are recommended: Arial, Tahoma, Calibri, Verdana, Times New Roman.

  • Use proper font size. When not listed in scholarship instructions, utilize 10-12 point for the body and 14 point for headings.

  • Before printing your final copy to be submitted, make sure your printer has an adequate amount of ink.

  • Do not crease paper when unnecessary, and ensure it's not smudged.

  • Avoid placing your essay in an envelope requiring folding. Instead, use a large envelope containing all relevant documents. However, many scholarship application forms request small envelopes.

  • Thoroughly review the essay for spelling and grammatical errors.

  • Have a parent, teacher, or friend with good writing skills review your essay.
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    Scholarship Essay Tips

    All SDSU scholarships for sale via SDSU Scholarship Lookup will need that you submit an essay by going online.

    Scholarship committees study quite a few purposes and could utilize the essays to differentiate applicants. Considering the fact that the large quantity of applicants can make it extremely hard for the committees to job interview each individual prospect, a coherent and useful essay may perhaps be what distinguishes you from one other applicant.

    The subsequent answers is important to crafting an effective scholarship essay.

    Consider the topic

    Read the essay requirements. Be aware any specifications for the essay matter that could be original for the scholarship.

    • Think about each question or topic and make a top level view of what you method to write down.
    Prepare your facts

    Plan your essay earlier than you be able to write:

    • Make an inventory of the achievements/accomplishments (the two tutorial and various), local community involvement and leadership positions you’ve had in school or your group.
    • Make a list of the exclusive features which includes your strengths, weaknesses, and any obstructions you have got get over or are at this time confronting.
    • Determine major pieces of data you really feel the committee will ideally find out about you and have concrete examples to demonstrate your points
    Writing the essay
    • The introduction: Start with a robust introduction. You need your essay to stand out from the other folks. Make certain your introduction captures the readers’ focus and compels them to learn as much as they’ll about you with the subsequent paragraphs.
    • Be own: Guarantee the committee can evaluate what sort of particular person you may be and what motivates you.
    • Be certain: Give illustrations. You should not purely explain to the committee you’re a leader; give an illustration of how you have demonstrated leadership.
    • Turn negatives into positives: When you’ve got an noticeable weak point most notably constrained extracurricular pursuits, present the committee that you’ve been in particular concerned using your household or maybe the classes you have taken, reckoning on your personal situation.
    • Follow normal grammar and writing procedures: Always make sure one’s body paragraphs relate on your introduction and that your summary summarizes the points you’ve built in your own essay.
    Review your essay

    Do we need to say this? Proofread, proofread, and proofread once more!

    • Have numerous everyone study your essay.
    • Edit it for clarity, conciseness, grammar, and spelling.
    • Did you clearly deal with the essay matter?
    • Does the essay convey who you might be and why it is important to receive a scholarship?
    • Is the essay fascinating? Does it arrive alive at the time you read it?
    • Did you provide illustrations of the capabilities and abilities rather then wide statements and claims?
    • Does the essay meet although not exceed the word count requirement?

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    How to submit your essay
    • Prepare your essay for each scholarship within a word processing software prior to commencing the net software practice.
    • Do not double area your essay or it can not match into your on the internet application essay text box.
    • After that you are satisfied with your essay, duplicate it from the phrase processing application and paste it in the using the web software essay text box.
    • Proofread it once more!

    10 Killer Tips for Scholarship Applications

    Preparing a well-written scholarship application is often a difficult process.

    This post includes ten essential tips for perfecting your scholarship application. The tips included here will help you meet the deadlines, please the scholarship sponsor, perfect your essay and more!

    1. Identify and Meet the sponsor’s goals.

    Who wins scholarships? The student who best meets the sponsor’s formal and informal requirements. Therefore, to win a scholarship, you need to meet a sponsor’s goals.

    As simple as this may seem, many students simply meet the sponsor’s bare requirements and hope for the best. Do not do this!

    Read through all the scholarship information watching for details and clues about what the sponsor’s formal and informal requirements. By meeting the sponsor’s goals you increase you chance of winning exponentially!

    2. Participate in extracurricular activities.

    Surprisingly, most scholarship committees do not simply choose the student with the highest grade point average (GPA) or SAT score. Instead, most scholarships are equally interested in a students extracurricular activities.

    Are they involved in their community? Do they have an after-school job? Did they start their own business? What hobbies do they have? The scholarship coordinators are interested in giving the award to the person they consider the most well-rounded student.

    Grades are important, but they are only half the story. Therefore, it is to your advantage to participate in extracurricular activities. Join 4-H. Volunteer at your local library. Start a business. Find a hobby. All these activities will help make you stand out to scholarship sponsors.

    3. Watch the deadline like a hawk.

    We will never know how much scholarship money is lost simply because the applicant missed the deadline. When students are applying to many scholarships at once it is easy to confuse the deadlines and send the applications on the wrong date.

    To avoid this danger, students should keep a calendar either on paper or online. On you calendar, write the name of each scholarship in red on its deadline, and in black one week before the deadline. Try to get scholarship applications in before the black (early) deadline but make sure that you get it in before the red (final) deadline.

    4. Proofread your application one more time.

    How can you increase your chance of winning in under 5 minutes? By proofreading your application.

    Most scholarship committees do not even consider scholarship applications that have major blunders. Did you get your address right? Did you get the scholarship name right? What about the coordinator’s name?

    Once you have verified the information on the application, read through you essay once more. Are their any major spelling errors? What about grammar errors? Is the header of the essay formatted correctly? Simply spending a little more time can vastly increase your chance of winning.

    5. Search, Search, SEARCH!

    Persistence is the key to getting a scholarship. Finding good scholarships is often a difficult job.

    When you have spent two hours looking through scholarships without finding one that’s a good fit, you’ll probably feel like giving up. Don’t. You can stop for the day if you get too tired, but keep on looking the next day.

    Think of it this way. The harder a time you have finding a scholarship; the less competition you will have! So, keep on looking and eventually you should get a scholarship.

    6. Organize your surroundings and your time.

    Keeping organized is one of the most important habits all college students should develop. It helps with study time, and it helps with scholarships.

    When your surroundings are organized, is easy to concentrate on your application. On the other hand, when your surroundings are disordered, it is easy to get distracted or loose important papers.

    Organizing your time is equally important. When your time is well-scheduled, you can reduce “dead time” and meet your deadlines. However, when your time is not ordered, it is easy to miss important deadlines or schedule two things for the same time. Keep both physically and mentally organized!

    7. Watch for scholarship scams.

    Sadly, there are many scam artists who try to make money off gullible students. College scholars loose millions of dollars every year to these scholarship scams!

    That is the bad news. Thankfully, there is good news – most scholarship scams are easily recognizable if you know the signs. The cardinal rule of scholarship scams is: “If it takes money to get money, it is probably a scam.” After all, aren’t scholarship sponsors supposed to be giving you money?

    Strictly following this rule will help you escape most scams, but some scams are not so easily caught. Certain scholarship scams do not ask for money. Instead, they request personal information, so they can commit identity theft or other crimes! For more information on avoiding scholarship scams learn the 23 Warning Signs of Scholarship Scams .

    8. Write an Accomplishments Resume.

    Often when writing scholarships, it is difficult to remember some important piece of information. The date that you started work at a certain job. Or what your boss said about your work.

    Looking for this information can break your concentration, lower your writing quality, and decrease your chance of winning the scholarship. Before you start applying for scholarships, write an accomplishment resume. On this resume include all the important information such as dates, a summary of your work, and recommendations.

    9. Use concrete examples in essays.

    If the scholarship requires that you write an essay (and most do), don’t simply use abstract information – use concrete examples. For example, instead of writing an abstract essay about volunteering in college, write about your experiences while volunteering.

    This is an excellent time to use your accomplishments resume. Scholarship sponsors want to hear about you and your experiences, not about some abstract topic.

    10. Double check the eligibility requirements.

    Does the scholarship require demonstrated need? What about full-time enrollment? Or a minimum GPA? Double checking the eligibility requirements will save you time spent in writing unnecessary scholarship applications.

    Armed with these ten must-have tips, you should be able to make your scholarship application and essay more noticeable to the scholarship evaluation committee.

    What are your favorite for scholarship applications tips?

    Scholarship Essay Tips NHL Digest

    Scholarship Essay Tips

    All SDSU scholarships accessible thru SDSU Scholarship Research involve you submit an essay web based.

    Scholarship committees examination loads of applications and should use the essays to differentiate applicants. On the grounds that the massive volume of candidates can make it unachievable with the committees to interview every candidate, a coherent and useful essay could possibly be what distinguishes you from an additional applicant.

    The following detail is critical to creating a successful scholarship essay.

    Consider the topic

    Read the essay prerequisites. Note any conditions for that essay subject which might be exceptional towards the scholarship.

    • Think about each individual concern or subject matter and make a top level view of anything you scheme to jot down.
    Prepare your facts

    Plan your essay right before you publish:

    • Make a listing within your achievements/accomplishments (both of those academic and other), neighborhood involvement and management positions you’ve gotten had in school or your community.
    • Make an inventory within your unique qualities like your strengths, weaknesses, and any road blocks you have got defeat or are right now confronting.
    • Determine fundamental parts of information you really feel the committee might find out about you and have concrete illustrations to show your points
    Writing the essay
    • The introduction: Begin with a powerful introduction. You’re looking for your essay to stand out from many of the most people. Ensure your introduction captures the readers’ awareness and compels them to know just as much as they’re able to about you inside of the following paragraphs.
    • Be individual: Be sure that the committee can assess what type of person you may be and what motivates you.
    • Be unique: Give examples. Don’t easily convey to the committee you might be a pacesetter; give an example of the way you have shown management.
    • Turn negatives into positives: If in case you have an noticeable weakness most notably minimal extracurricular activities, show the committee that you’ve got been mainly concerned with the relatives or maybe the classes you have got taken, based upon your individual position.
    • Follow typical grammar and crafting policies: Guarantee your whole body paragraphs relate for your introduction and that your summary summarizes the factors you’ve developed inside of your essay.
    Review your essay

    Do we must say this? Proofread, proofread, and proofread again!

    • Have quite a few everyone look at your essay.
    • Edit it for clarity, conciseness, grammar, and spelling.
    • Did you evidently tackle the essay topic?
    • Does the essay express who you happen to be and why you ought to receive a scholarship?
    • Is the essay intriguing? Will it come alive as you browse it?
    • Did you make available examples of your knowledge and talents instead of wide statements and claims?
    • Does the essay meet up with but not exceed the phrase rely necessity?

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    • Prepare your essay for every scholarship within a phrase processing application well before commencing the net application operation.
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    • Proofread it all over again!

    TOEFL Scholarship Examination Sample QuestionsNigerian University Scholarships

    TOEFL Scholarship Examination Sample Questions (SHARE THIS) TOEFL Scholarship Examination Sample Questions (SHARE THIS)

    One is certain for sure that if someone could be able to table TOEFL Scholarship Examination Sample Questions, that person could face any kind or type of Test of English as a Foreign Language any-day anytime.

    Getting to know what TOEFL truly mean, they are also known as Test of English as a Foreign Language which is generally known as TOEFL.

    TOEFL is an advance test for English Language speaking efficiency for non English Speaking countries and Universes abroad most especially in the United State do state the need of TOEFL as one of the most important requirement needed before accepting a scholarship offer or undergraduate application to study in the United State of America.

    In 2014 we talked about some of TOEFL Test Tips that are very effective and will guide you when setting for TOEFL exams. so here is the good news, we have been able to compile TOEFL scholarship examination sample questions to ease your thought in writing the exams.

    See Sample Questions Below

    HIGHLY RECOMMENDED: CLICK BELOW TO APPLY FOR A SCHOLARSHIP NOW.

    Directions: These sample questions in the Reading section measure your ability to understand academic passages in English. You will read one passage and answer questions about it. In a real test, you would have 20 minutes to read the passage and answer the questions. Candidates with disabilities may request a time extension.

    Meteorite Impact and Dinosaur Extinction

    There is increasing evidence that the impacts of meteorites have had important effects on Earth, particularly in the field of biological evolution. Such impacts continue to pose a natural hazard to life on Earth. Twice in the twentieth century, large meteorite objects are known to have collided with Earth.

    If an impact is large enough, it can disturb the environment of the entire Earth and cause an ecological catastrophe. The best-documented such impact took place 65 million years ago at the end of the Cretaceous period of geological history. This break in Earth’s history is marked by a mass extinction, when as many as half the species on the plane became extinct. While there are a dozen or more mass extinctions in the geological record, the Cretaceous mass extinction has always intrigued paleontologists because it marks the end of the age of the dinosaurs. For tens of millions of years, those great creatures had flourished. Then, suddenly, they disappeared.

    The body that impacted Earth at the end of the Cretaceous period was a meteorite with a mass of more than a trillion tons and a diameter of at least 10 kilometers. Scientists first identified this impact in 1980 from the worldwide layer of sediment deposited from the dust cloud that enveloped the planet after the impact. This sediment layer is enriched in the rare metal iridium and other elements that are relatively abundant in a meteorite but very rare in the crust of Earth. Even diluted by the terrestrial material excavated from the crater, this component of meteorites is easily identified. By 1990 geologists had located the impact site itself in the Yucatán region of Mexico. The crater, now deeply buried in sediment, was originally about 200 kilometers in diameter.

    This impact released an enormous amount of energy, excavating a crater about twice as large as the lunar crater Tycho. The explosion lifted about 100 trillion tons of dust into the atmosphere, as can be determined by measuring the thickness of the sediment layer formed when this dust settled to the surface. Such a quantity of material would have blocked the sunlight completely from reaching the surface, plunging Earth into a period of cold and darkness that lasted at least several months. The explosion is also calculated to have produced vast quantities of nitric acid and melted rock that sprayed out over much of Earth, starting widespread fires that must have consumed most terrestrial forests and grassland. Presumably, those environmental disasters could have been responsible for the mass extinction, including the death of the dinosaurs.

    Several other mass extinctions in the geological record have been tentatively identified with large impacts, but none is so dramatic as the Cretaceous event. But even without such specific documentation, it is clear that impacts of this size do occur and that their results can be catastrophic. What is a catastrophe for one group of living things, however, may create opportunities for another group. Following each mass extinction, there is a sudden evolutionary burst as new species develop to fill the ecological niches opened by the event.

    Impacts by meteorites represent one mechanism that could cause global catastrophes and seriously influence the evolution of life all over the planet. According to some estimates, the majority of all extinctions of species may be due to such impacts. Such a perspective fundamentally changes our view of biological evolution. The standard criterion for the survival of a species is its success in competing with other species and adapting to slowly changing environments. Yet an equally important criterion is the ability of a species to survive random global ecological catastrophes due to impacts.

    Earth is a target in a cosmic shooting gallery, subject to random violent events that were unsuspected a few decades ago. In 1991 the United States Congress asked NASA to investigate the hazard posed today by large impacts on Earth. The group conducting the study concluded from a detailed analysis that impacts from meteorites can indeed be hazardous. Although there is always some risk that a large impact could occur, careful study shows that this risk is quite small.

    1. The word “pose” on line 2 is closest in meaning to
      a. claim b. model c. assume d. present
    1. In paragraph 2, why does the author include the information that dinosaurs had flourished for tens of millions of years and then suddenly disappeared?
      a. To support the claim that the mass extinction at the end of the Cretaceous is the best-documented of the dozen or so mass extinctions in the geological record.
      b. To explain why as many as half of the species on Earth at the time are believed to have become extinct at the end of the Cretaceous.
      c. To explain why paleontologists have always been intrigued by the mass extinction at the end of the Cretaceous.
      d. To provide evidence that an impact can be large enough to disturb the environment of the entire planet and cause an ecological disaster.
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